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Albania — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Albania is

2017: 350,0001
2007: 270,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Albania is

2017: 12.01

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Albania ranked at No. 1083

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Albania ranked at No. 702

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Albania, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 6.5%4

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Albania is reported to be

2017: 65,7471
2007: 65,7472

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Albania is

2007: 2.175

Estimated Number of Unregistered and Illicit Firearms

Unregistered and unlawfully held guns cannot be counted,6 but in Albania there are estimated to be

2017: 284,2731

Number of Households with Firearms

In Albania, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 85,6287

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Albania are reported to have

217508: firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Albania are reported to have

190009: firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Albania, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2008: 8310 11 12
2007: 90
2004: 144
2003: 167
2002: 234
2001: 236
2000: 145
1999: 552
1998: 74110 11 12 13

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.785
2007: 3.00
2004: 4.73
2003: 5.44
2002: 7.55
2001: 7.54
2000: 4.59
1999: 17.32
1998: 23.06

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Albania, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 7914
2015: 66
2014: 117
2013: 124
2012: 157
2011: 142
2010: 127
2009: 8515 16
2008: 93
2007: 105
2006: 95
2005: 154
2004: 11916
2003: 144
2002: 231
2001: 208
2000: 275
1999: 496
1998: 573
1997: 1,542
1996: 248
1995: 210

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 2.6014
2015: 2.18
2014: 3.87
2013: 4.12
2012: 5.23
2011: 4.74
2010: 4.25
2009: 2.85
2008: 3.12
2007: 3.51
2006: 3.0
2005: 4.8
2004: 3.816
2003: 4.6
2002: 7.5
2001: 6.8
2000: 9.0
1999: 16.1
1998: 18.6
1997: 49.9
1996: 8.0
1995: 6.7

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Albania, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 6417
2015: 52
2014: 104
2013: 99.97
2012: 131
2011: 119.78
2010: 108
2009: 78
2008: 74
2007: 81

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.3317
2015: 3.52
2014: 7.06
2013: 6.80
2012: 8.92
2011: 8.15
2010: 7.32
2009: 5.25
2008: 4.94
2007: 5.35

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Albania, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 1517
2015: 14
2014: 13
2013: 24
2012: 26
2011: 22
2010: 19
2009: 7
2008: 19
2007: 24

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.0317
2015: 0.97
2014: 0.90
2013: 1.66
2012: 1.79
2011: 1.53
2010: 1.30
2009: 0.47
2008: 1.27
2007: 1.59

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Albania, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 4314
2015: 46
2014: 70
2013: 90
2012: 100
2011: 8614
2010: 89
2009: 57
2008: 5310 15 16
2007: 61
2006: 5315
2005: 8815
2004: 9710
2003: 125
2002: 17610 16
2001: 174
2000: 11110
1999: 461
1998: 591

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.5014
2015: 1.60
2014: 2.40
2013: 3.10
2012: 3.40
2011: 2.915
2010: 2.95
2009: 1.91
2008: 1.6910 5 16
2007: 1.95
2006: 1.765
2005: 2.91
2004: 3.110
2003: 4.03
2002: 5.7110 16
2001: 5.67
2000: 3.5610
1999: 13.67
1998: 17.62

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Albania, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 61%15 18
2010: 69%15
2009: 67%
2008: 60%
2007: 63%
2006: 56%
2005: 57%
2002: 75.4%16
2001: 78.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Albania, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 3814
2014: 65

Rate of Male Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of male firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 2.6014
2014: 4.40

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Albania, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 814
2014: 5

Rate of Female Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of female firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6014
2014: 0.30

Suicides (any method)

In Albania, annual suicides by any means total

1998: 16513

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Albania, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1998: 5.2113

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Albania, annual firearm suicides total

2008: 2311
2007: 23
2004: 40
2003: 35
2002: 48
2001: 40
2000: 27
1999: 66
1998: 98

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.7411
2007: 0.74
2004: 1.28
2003: 1.13
2002: 1.56
2001: 1.3
2000: 0.87
1999: 1.96
1998: 2.92

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Albania, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2008: 712
2007: 6
2004: 7
2003: 7
2002: 10
2001: 22
2000: 7
1999: 25
1998: 50

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Albania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.2212
2007: 0.19
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.23
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.72
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.74
1998: 1.49

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Albania, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

1998: 213

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Albania, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.0613

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Albania, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited19 20

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Albania, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Albania is reported by manufacturers to be

2018: 53,10029
2017: 0
2016: 26,888
2013: 25,21130
2012: 25,111
2011: 30,000
2007: 1,038
2006: 6

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Albania is reported by Customs to be US$549,46731 (2010)

Firearm Imports

In Albania, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law21 22 32 25 26 27 28 33

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Albania is reported to be

2018: 7,88229
2017: 2,228
2016: 1,730
2015: 1,617
2013: 23430
2012: 234
2011: 224
2009: 441
2006: 102

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Albania is reported by Customs to be US$142,42131 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Albania is high34

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Albania, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law35 35 36 37 27 38

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Albania include39 40 41 42 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Albania is categorised as restrictive43

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Albania includes the Law No. 74/2014 on Weapons,44 Law No.97/2007 on State Import-Export Control of Military Goods and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies45 27

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Albania are regulated by the Ministry of Defence and the State Police46

Right to Possess Firearms

In Albania, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law47 48

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Albania, civilians are not allowed to possess military missile launchers, automatic weapons, and disguised weapons49 50 51

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Albania, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited49 50 51

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Albania, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence49 50 51

Regulation of Handguns

In Albania, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence49 50 51

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Albania, only licensed gun owners52 53 54 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Albania are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example personal protection, hunting, sport shooting, target practice, collection52 53 54

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Albania is 25 years55

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Albania must pass a background check which considers financial, mental, and criminal55 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Albania stipulates55 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Albania, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required56 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Albania, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years55

Licensing Records

In Albania, authorities maintain a record57 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Albania are permitted to possess 3 firearms for one purpose, and 5 firearms for multiple purposes55

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Albania, the law requires58 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Albania, licensed firearm dealers are required59 60 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Albania, licensed gun makers are required61 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Albania, State agencies are required62 57 63 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Albania, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful60 24

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Albania include64 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Albania include64 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Albania include65 66 67 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Albania include68 41 69 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Albania, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law64 18

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Albania, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited64

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Albania, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited64

Gun Free Zones

In Albania, private guns are prohibited in public outside of designated shooting areas64

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Albania, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm70 is a fine of 200,000 lek71

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200872 by Albania.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified73 by Albania

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified74 by Albania

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Albania committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects75

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Albania against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1476 77 78 79 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Albania has submitted one or more national reports80 38 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Albania, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated81 38

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Albania, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated38

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Albania submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent81 38

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated38 by Albania to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided38 to Albania by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Albania has declared82 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Albania has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195583

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list84 Albania as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,85 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Albania, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Authorities in Albania are known to have86 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Albania, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2017: 2,33187
2016: 555
2011: 1,67288

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Albania, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 70,00089
1997/2005: 222,91890 86

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Albania, it is not state policy91 28 92 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

Marking and Tracing

Firearm Marking

In Albania, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law58 93 94

Firearm Tracing

In Albania, state authorities carry out95 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Albania, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are96 recorded in a register

Global Peace Index

To see where Albania ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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