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Afghanistan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Afghanistan is

2017: 4,270,0001
2007: 1,000,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Afghanistan is

2017: 12.51
2007: 4.42

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Afghanistan ranked at No. 463

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Afghanistan ranked at No. 1062

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Afghanistan are reported to have 331,1704 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Afghanistan are reported to have 239,0005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 2,5656
2015: 2,496
2010: 2,163
2000: 1,665

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.706
2015: 7.66
2010: 7.43
2000: 7.41

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2,4166
2015: 2,354
2010: 2,059
2000: 1,605

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 14.306
2015: 14.26
2010: 13.93
2000: 14.03

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 1496
2015: 142
2010: 104
2000: 59

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.916
2015: 0.88
2010: 0.73
2000: 0.54

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 1,6186
2015: 1,604
2010: 1,472
2000: 1,140

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.856
2015: 4.93
2010: 5.05
2000: 5.08

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, annual male suicides by any means total

2016: 1,3586
2015: 1,356
2010: 1,277
2000: 1,038

Rate of Male Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of male suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 8.046
2015: 8.21
2010: 8.64
2000: 9.08

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, annual female suicides by any means total

2016: 2606
2015: 248
2010: 195
2000: 102

Rate of Female Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of female suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.586
2015: 1.54
2010: 1.36
2000: 0.93

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Afghanistan is reported by Customs to be US$6,6837 (2009)

Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Afghanistan is reported by Customs to be US$64,016,6507 (2011)8 9 10 11

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Afghanistan, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law12

Right to Possess Firearms

In Afghanistan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law13 14

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Handguns

In Afghanistan, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law12

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Afghanistan must pass a background check which considers undefined12 records

Firearm Safety Training

In Afghanistan, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required15 for a firearm licence

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Afghanistan, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law12

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Afghanistan, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit15

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200616 by Afghanistan.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed17 by Afghanistan

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed18 by Afghanistan

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Afghanistan committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects19

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Afghanistan has yet to submit a national report20 21 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Afghanistan, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated21

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Afghanistan, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated21

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Afghanistan submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent21

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated21 by Afghanistan to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided21 to Afghanistan by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Afghanistan has not declared22 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Afghanistan has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194623

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list24 Afghanistan as a Participating State

BackgroundSustainable Development Goal Profile

About SDG 16

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are 17 goals set by the United Nations to be implemented by all member states by 2030. Adopted in 2015, they outline a vision of development in which peace and security are an integral part. SDG 16,25 which seeks to “promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development,” includes targets and indicators focused on reducing violence (Target 16.1) and the proliferation of illicit arms (Target 16.4). The indicators – or measurement criteria – of these targets include the number of victims of intentional homicide (Indicator 16.1.1), the number of conflict-related deaths (Indicator 16.1.2), and the number of illicit firearms collected and traced (Indicator 16.4.2). In light of these targets and indicators, GunPolicy.org provides granular national data pertaining to homicides, gun homicides, conflict deaths, disarmament efforts, and marking and tracing.

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 2,5656
2015: 2,496
2010: 2,163
2000: 1,665

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.706
2015: 7.66
2010: 7.43
2000: 7.41

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, annual male homicides by any means total

2016: 2,4166
2015: 2,354
2010: 2,059
2000: 1,605

Rate of Male Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of male homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 14.306
2015: 14.26
2010: 13.93
2000: 14.03

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, annual female homicides by any means total

2016: 1496
2015: 142
2010: 104
2000: 59

Rate of Female Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Afghanistan, the annual rate of female homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.916
2015: 0.88
2010: 0.73
2000: 0.54

Conflict Deaths

For a profile of conflict in Afghanistan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Disarmament

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Afghanistan, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 131,81126 (2003)

Global Peace Index

To see where Afghanistan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index, and then click on Afghanistan on the map or in the "Select Country" menu on the right of the web page


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Military Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Military-Owned Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13436)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Law Enforcement Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Law Enforcement Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13435)Full Citation

6.

WHO.2018.‘Violent Death Estimates by Country.’ Disease Burden and Mortality Estimates: Cause-Specific Mortality, 2000–2016.Geneva:World Health Organization,1 January. (Q14136)Full Citation

7.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

8.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

9.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

10.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

11.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

12.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Afghanistan.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9632)Full Citation

13.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

14.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

15.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

16.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

17.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

18.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

19.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

20.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

21.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

22.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

23.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

24.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation

25.

United Nations.2017.‘Relevant Targets & Indicators.’ Sustainable Development Goal 16.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,6 July. (Q14093)Full Citation

26.

Karp, Aaron.2009.‘Summary of Disarmament Outcomes in 45 DDR Programmes.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,9 July. (Q2941)Full Citation