Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Urrutia, Nicolas, Miguel Ortegoa, Gustavo Andrade and An Vranckx. 2009 ‘State Monopoly on the Import, Possession and Trade of Small Arms.’ Arms Tracing: Perspectives on Control, Traffic and Use of Illegal Weapons in Colombia; Table 1.1, pp. 7-8. Bogotá: University of Ghent, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belgium, Fundación Ideas para la Paz (FIP). 1 November
State Monopoly on the Import, Possession and Trade of Small Arms
Under Colombian law, the State has a monopoly on issuing permits and trading in firearms. This monopoly, established under article 223 of the Constitution, grants exclusive rights to the State to import, manufacture, and possess firearms…
Pursuant to this constitutional provision, Colombia's Military Industry – Indumil, serves as the State's sole authorized agency for the manufacture and trade in military supplies, and is the entity responsible for importing and producing firearms in Colombia. This takes place in two ways: the import and manufacture of weapons for exclusive use by the security forces, and the import, production, and sale of weapons for civilian use, including weapons for self-defense, sporting arms, and collectibles.
To supply its security forces, Colombia produces and purchases military weapons, including assault rifles, automatic and semiautomatic guns, pistols, revolvers, mortars, missiles, and other weapons for military use. Besides importing the supplies required by the Military Forces and National Police, throughout its history Indumil has also produced different types of weapons and ammunition, under license from foreign companies…(3)
In terms of weapons for civilian use, Indumil imports and markets submachine guns, pistols, shotguns, and rifles. Indumil also locally manufactures different models of Llama revolvers under license from the Spanish parent company. These weapons are sold to individuals and corporations on the Colombian market, provided that they meet established legal requirements for permits for possession and carrying permits.
Indumil has a sophisticated system for registering, marking, and tracing both imported weapons and those produced locally…
In addition to it engraving processes, in recent years laser markings have been added, the details of which are classified to ensure their effectiveness for tracing operations. These measures, unparalleled among Latin American arms manufacturers, are the result the industry's continuous adaptation to counter the illegal armed groups' repeated attempts to obtain weapons and ammunition. These systems also allow for speedy and effective tracing of legal arms when necessary…(7)
3) Pachón Pinzón, Rocío. La industria de armas en Colombia: entre la búsqueda se autosuficiencia y de sostenibilidad. Fundación Seguridad y Democracia. Bogotá, 2009. p.3.
7) According to official figures, 98% of the tracing requests sent to Indumil are resolved satisfactorily (See: Aguirre, Catherine y Restrepo. Jorge. "Marcaje y rastreo de munición: Indumil en Colombia". En la Mira, 2006. p. 3.), and the system makes it possible for the manufacturer to identify any of its products within six hours, once the request has been received (See: UNODC, 2006, op. cit, p.75).