Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Karp, Aaron. 2012 ‘Country Analyses: Colombia.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America; Section IV, pp. 19-20. Mexico City: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI). 28 April
The gun culture of Colombia has been studied about as carefully as any in Latin America. A series of reports show registered gun ownership rising rapidly, from a total of 706,210 registered firearms in 2006, to roughly 1.2 million registered in 2012.(36) Estimates of unregistered ownership are approximately proportional, at a rate of two to three times the rate of legal ownership. Estimates of unregistered firearms go up to 4 million, although a lower figure is used here.(37)
The right to carry a gun is a prominent element of the Colombia firearms culture. Carrying requires a license. The country has issued 662,666 carrying licenses as of 2006.(38) More recently there has been a reaction against public gun carrying, with a campaign led by Bogotá mayor Jorge Rojas Rodríguez to stop the practice, a campaign that seems to have reduced gun crime.(39)
36) "Colombia's Hydra," Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), Ch. 9, pp. 214-245; and Aaron Karp, Surplus Arms in South America: A Survey, Working Paper 7, Geneva: Small Arms Survey, 2009, p. 39; "¿Adiós a las armas?" Semana, 7 January 2012.
37) "¿Adiós a las armas?" Semana, 7 January 2012.
38) 662,666 carrying licenses. Sandro Calvani, Pablo Casas Dupuy, and Stefan Liller, Violencia, Crimen y Trafico Ilegal de Armes en Colombia (Bogota: Naciones Unidas Oficina contra la Droga y el Delito, UN Office on Drugs and Crime, n.d. 2006?) p. 56.
39) "Alcaldía de Bogotá pidió extender restricción del porte de armas," El Universal (Bogotá), 5 April 2012.