Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Leshner, Alan I., Bruce M. Altevogt, Arlene F. Lee, Margaret A. McCoy, and Patrick W. Kelley. 2013 ‘Summary.’ Priorities for Research to Reduce the Threat of Firearm-Related Violence, pp. 1-10. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences (NAS). 1 June
Fatal and nonfatal firearm violence(1) poses a serious threat to the safety and welfare of the American public. Although violent crime rates have declined in recent years, the U.S. rate of firearm-related deaths is the highest among industrialized countries. In 2010, incidents in the U.S. involving firearms injured or killed more than 105,000 Americans, of which there were twice as many nonfatal firearm-related injuries (73,505) than deaths…
In January 2013, President Obama issued 23 executive orders directing federal agencies to improve knowledge of the causes of firearm violence, the interventions that might prevent it, and strategies to minimize its public health burden. One of these executive orders noted that "[i]n addition to being a law enforcement challenge, firearm violence is also a serious public health issue that affects thousands of individuals, families, and communities across the Nation," and directed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), along with other relevant federal agencies, to immediately begin identifying the most pressing firearm-related violence research problems.
The CDC and the CDC Foundation(2) requested that the Institute of Medicine (IOM), in collaboration with the National Research Council (NRC), convene a committee of experts to develop a potential research agenda focusing on the public health aspects of firearm-related violence - its causes, approaches to interventions that could prevent it, and strategies to minimize its health burden…
The research program envisioned by the committee, which is designed to produce impacts in 3-5 years, focuses on
1. the characteristics of firearm violence,
2. risk and protective factors,
3. interventions and strategies,
4. gun safety technology, and
5. the influence of video games and other media…
1) For the purposes of this report, the terms "firearm violence," "gun violence," and "firearm-related violence" refer to morbidity and mortality associated with the possession and use of firearms. Firearms use a propellant or powder charge to fire a projectile and are distinct from other guns, such as BB, pellet, and other airsoft guns.
2) The CDC Foundation's support originated from The Annie E. Casey Foundation, The California Endowment, The Joyce Foundation, Kaiser Permanente, one anonymous donor, and two additional donors whose agreements were not finalized with the CDC Foundation at the time this document went to press.