Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
USA. 2000 ‘Allowing More Research Time for Background Checks.’ Gun Control: Implementation of the National Instant Criminal Background Check System, p. 13. Washington, DC: United States General Accounting Office (GAO). 1 February
Allowing More Research Time for Background Checks
Under permanent Brady, if the background check is not completed within 3 business days, the sale of the firearms is allowed to proceed by default, or a "default proceed." FBI and Justice officials indicated that NICS could be improved by extending the maximum time allowed for conducting background checks to minimize the number of default-proceed transactions.
Default-proceed transactions involving individuals later determined by the FBI to be prohibited by law from possessing firearms totaled 2,519 during the first 10 months of permanent Brady, according to FBI data. Such transactions increase concerns over public safety and also place demands on law enforcement resources in retrieving the firearms. According to FBI officials, default proceeds occurred primarily because many states' automated criminal history records did not show the disposition (e.g., acquittals or convictions) of felony arrests, and manual efforts to find such information took longer than 3 business days. According to FBI data for these 2,519 transfers, an average of 25 business days elapsed between the initial NICS inquiry and the date the FBI determined that the purchase should have been denied.
[FBI = Federal Bureau of Investigation; NICS = National Instant Criminal Background Check System]