Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Anders, Holger, James Bevan, Claudio Gramizzi, Jonah Leff and Mike Lewis. 2012 ‘Kenya, South Sudan and Uganda, 2006–08.’ Distribution of Iranian Ammunition in Africa: Evidence from a Nine-country Investigation, p. 24. London: Conflict Armament Research. 1 December
Kenya, South Sudan and Uganda, 2006–08…
The Small Arms Survey study concluded that Kenyan security forces were the primary source of the (then-unidentified) Iranian 7.62 x 39 mm ammunition circulating in the region—specifically the Kenya Police and Kenya Police Reserves.
Evidence for these assertions included the following:
- In 2008 Iranian-manufactured ammunition of the type illustrated in Image 8 comprised 70 per cent of sampled 7.62 x 39 mm cartridges in service with the Kenya Police and Kenya Police Reserves.
- The study observed first-hand the Kenya Police supplying this type of ammunition to armed Turkana civilians in 2007 and 2008.
- Reports by those supplied with the ammunition confirmed that the Kenya Police and Kenya Police Reserves had distributed it.
- The prevalence of this type of ammunition diminished at greater distances from Kenya (and from the Kenya Police and Kenya Police Reserves that supplied it).(16)
Although not recognised in 2008 as having originated in Iran, it is clear that the Government of Kenya imported very large quantities of Iranian ammunition—probably in the range of millions of rounds…
16) See Bevan (2008a, pp. 46–51) for a presentation of the methodology and findings.