Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library

WHO. 2016 ‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Romania.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB). Copenhagen: World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe. 26 July

Relevant contents

ICD-10 Code1: Diagnosis - Number of deaths (Crude death rate per 100,000 population) - % of all deaths

2014 population: 22,299,730
Total Gun Suicide: 11
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0493

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 2 (0.009) - 0.0008%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 2 (0.009) - 0.0008%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 7 (0.0314) - 0.0027%

2013 population: 22,359,849
Total Gun Suicide: 9
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0403

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 1 (0.0045) - 0.0004%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 1 (0.0045) - 0.0004%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 7 (0.0313) - 0.0028%

2012 population: 21,316,420
Total Gun Suicide: 14
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0657

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 3 (0.0141) - 0.0012%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 1 (0.0047) - 0.0004%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 10 (0.0469) - 0.0039%

2011 population: 21,354,396
Total Gun Suicide: 12
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0561

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 5 (0.0234) - 0.002%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 1 (0.0047) - 0.0004%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 6 (0.0281) - 0.0024%

2010 population: 21,431,298
Total Gun Suicide: 12
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0559

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 2 (0.0093) - 0.0008%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 2 (0.0093) - 0.0008%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 8 (0.0373) - 0.0031%

2009 population: 21,469,959
Total Gun Suicide: 9
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0419

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 2 (0.0093) - 0.0008%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 7 (0.0326) - 0.0027%

2008 population: 21,504,442
Total Gun Suicide: 17
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0792

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 5 (0.0233) - 0.002%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 1 (0.0047) - 0.0004%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 11 (0.0512) - 0.0043%

2007 population: 21,537,563
Total Gun Suicide: 11
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0511

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 4 (0.0186) - 0.0016%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 2 (0.0093) - 0.0008%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 5 (0.0232) - 0.002%

2006 population: 21,584,365
Total Gun Suicide: 18
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0834

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 2 (0.0093) - 0.0008%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 4 (0.0185) - 0.0015%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 12 (0.0556) - 0.0046%

2005 population: 21,623,849
Total Gun Suicide: 22
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.1016

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 2 (0.0092) - 0.0008%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 2 (0.0092) - 0.0008%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 18 (0.0832) - 0.0069%

2004 population: 21,673,328
Total Gun Suicide: 17
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0785

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 4 (0.0185) - 0.0015%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 6 (0.0277) - 0.0023%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 7 (0.0323) - 0.0027%

2003 population: 21,733,556
Total Gun Suicide: 24
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.1104

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 9 (0.0414) - 0.0034%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 1 (0.0046) - 0.0004%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 14 (0.0644) - 0.0053%

2002 population: 21,794,793
Total Gun Suicide: 26
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.1193

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 9 (0.0413) - 0.0033%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 4 (0.0184) - 0.0015%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 13 (0.0596) - 0.0048%

2001 population: 22,408,393
Total Gun Suicide: 21
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0938

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 6 (0.0268) - 0.0023%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 4 (0.0179) - 0.0015%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 11 (0.0491) - 0.0042%

2000 population: 22,435,300
Total Gun Suicide: 30
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.1337

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 5 (0.0223) - 0.002%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 9 (0.0401) - 0.0035%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 16 (0.0713) - 0.0063%

1999 population: 22,458,000
Total Gun Suicide: 24
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.1069

X72: Intentional self-harm by handgun discharge - 7 (0.0312) - 0.0026%
X73: Intentional self-harm by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 3 (0.0134) - 0.0011%
X74: Intentional self-harm by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 14 (0.0623) - 0.0053%

[Editor's note: Each year, countries submit their cause of death and population data to WHO. Unless an error is detected, a number of deaths is unlikely to change after processing. However, as WHO reviews its data in the wake of each national census, minor changes can be made to calculated death rates. These could account for any differences which might appear following the date on which a death rate was originally posted.]

ID: Q6162

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