Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library

WHO. 2016 ‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Latvia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB). Copenhagen: World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe. 11 July

Relevant contents

ICD-10 Code1: Diagnosis - Number of deaths (Crude death rate per 100,000 population) - % of all deaths

2014 population: 1,993,782
Total Gun Homicide: 10
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.5016

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 3 (0.1505) - 0.0106%
X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 1 (0.0502) - 0.0035%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 6 (0.3009) - 0.0213%

2013 population: 2,012,647
Total Gun Homicide: 2
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.0994

X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 2 (0.0994) - 0.007%

2012 population: 2,034,319
Total Gun Homicide: 5
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.2458

X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 1 (0.0492) - 0.0034%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 4 (0.1966) - 0.0138%

2011 population: 2,059,709
Total Gun Homicide: 7
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.3399

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 2 (0.0971) - 0.007%
X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 2 (0.0971) - 0.007%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 3 (0.1457) - 0.0105%

2010 population: 2,097,555
Total Gun Homicide: 4
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.1907

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 1 (0.0447) - 0.0033%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 3 (0.143) - 0.01%

2009 population: 2,141,669
Total Gun Homicide: 3
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.1401

X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 3 (0.1401) - 0.01%

2008 population: 2,177,322
Total Gun Homicide: 9
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.4134

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 1 (0.0459) - 0.0032%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 8 (0.3674) - 0.0258%

2007 population: 2,200,325
Total Gun Homicide: 7
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.3181

X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 7 (0.3181) - 0.0212%

2006 population: 2,218,357
Total Gun Homicide: 15
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.6762

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 4 (0.1803) - 0.0121%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 11 (0.4959) - 0.0332%

2005 population: 2,238,799
Total Gun Homicide: 13
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.5807

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 1 (0.0447) - 0.0031%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 12 (0.536) - 0.0366%

2004 population: 2,263,122
Total Gun Homicide: 9
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.3977

X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 1 (0.0442) - 0.0031%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 8 (0.3535) - 0.025%

2003 population: 2,287,955
Total Gun Homicide: 21
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 0.9179

X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 2 (0.0874) - 0.0062%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 19 (0.8304) - 0.0586%

2002 population: 2,310,173
Total Gun Homicide: 25
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 1.0822

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 1 (0.0433) - 0.0031%
X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 2 (0.0866) - 0.0062%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 22 (0.9523) - 0.0677%

2001 population: 2,337,170
Total Gun Homicide: 36
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 1.5403

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 7 (0.2995) - 0.0212%
X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 1 (0.0428) - 0.003%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 28 (1.198) - 0.0849%

2000 population: 2,367,550
Total Gun Homicide: 31
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 1.3094

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 3 (0.1267) - 0.0093%
X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 3 (0.1267) - 0.0093%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 25 (1.0559) - 0.0776%

1999 population: 2,431,800
Total Gun Homicide: 34
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 1.3981

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 2 (0.0822) - 0.0061%
X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 4 (0.1645) - 0.0122%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 28 (1.1514) - 0.0853%

1998 population: 2,449,000
Total Gun Homicide: 48
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 1.96

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 1 (0.0408) - 0.0029%
X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 3 (0.1225) - 0.0088%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 44 (1.7967) - 0.1287%

1997 population: 2,469,100
Total Gun Homicide: 55
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 2.2275

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 2 (0.081) - 0.006%
X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 11 (0.4455) - 0.0328%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 42 (1.701) - 0.1252%

1996 population: 2,490,700
Total Gun Homicide: 55
Crude death rate per 100,000 population: 2.2081

X93: Assault by handgun discharge - 29 (1.1643) - 0.0845%
X94: Assault by rifle, shotgun and larger firearm discharge - 5 (0.2007) - 0.0146%
X95: Assault by other and unspecified firearm discharge - 21 (0.8431) - 0.0612%

[Editor's note: Each year, countries submit their cause of death and population data to WHO. Unless an error is detected, a number of deaths is unlikely to change after processing. However, as WHO reviews its data in the wake of each national census, minor changes can be made to calculated death rates. These could account for any differences which might appear following the date on which a death rate was originally posted.]

ID: Q6078

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