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Peru. 2010 ‘Illicit Trafficking (Tráfico Ilícito).’ National Report of Peru on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA); A, VI-1.3, p. 9. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Peru to the United Nations. 1 June

Relevant contents

1.3 Rutas y modalidades de transporte más empleadas en el tráfico ilícito de armas y municiones:

De acuerdo a la información proporcionada por la DINI Y DIGIMIN, las rutas más
empleadas en el tráfico de armas y municiones son las siguientes:

Hacia el Ecuador:
- La situación de violencia en algunos países vecinos, genera que traficantes
internacionales, se instalen en territorio de terceros Estados especialmente en las ciudades fronterizas, adquiriendo armas y municiones procedentes del Perú, por los departamentos de Tumbes y Piura, que luego son trianguladas hacia las FARC.

Hacia Colombia:
- En la frontera natural con Perú (constituida por el río Putumayo), es por donde estarían trasladando a Colombia armas y municiones procedentes del Perú y Brasil, burlando las acciones de control de las fuerzas del arden, contando para ello con la colaboración de malos pobladores que debido, en algunos casos, a la pobreza y desocupación existente en el lugar, o, utilizando la amenaza para evitar ser denunciados, manteniendo permanentemente un estado de temor y zozobra a la poblacion.

Desde Bolivia:
- Una de las actividades delictivas que causa malestar en Puno, es la presencia del "mercado negro de armas" proveniente de Bolivia, comprometiendo la frontera con Perú, burlando los mecanismos de control o aprovechando su inexistencia. Esta situación facilita las acciones ilícitas de las organizaciones delincuenciales y narcotraficantes de ambos paises.

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Translated content:

1.3 Routes and Means of Transport used in the Illicit Traffic of Arms and Ammunition:

According to information provided by DINI and DIGIMIN, the routes used in the trafficking of weapons and ammunition are as follows:

Towards Ecuador:
- The violent situation in some neighbouring countries enables international traffickers to install themselves in the territories of developing countries, especially in the border cities, by acquiring weapons and ammunition from Peru, through cities like Tumbes and Piura, which are then triangulated towards the FARC.

Towards Colombia:
- The border with Peru (which is formed by the river Putumayo), is where the movement of weapons to Colombia from Peru and Brazil takes place, by getting around the forces in control of the borders, whilst counting on the help of corrupt villagers because of the high rates in poverty and unemployment that exists in their area, or, sometimes just threatening the people in order to avoid being reported, ultimately maintaining a permanent state of fear and anxiety in the population.

From Bolivia:
- One of the criminal activities that cause problems in Puno is the presence of the "black market of weapons" from Bolivia, which compromises the border with Peru, by getting around the mechanisms that control the border or taking advantage of their absence. This situation facilitates the illicit activities of criminal organizations and drug traffickers in both countries.

[DINI = National Intelligence Directorate; DIGIMIN = Interior Ministry's General Intelligence Directorate]

ID: Q5747

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