Citation(s) from the literature library

Berman, Eric G and Louisa N. Lombard. 2008 ‘Indirect Transfers from Regional Armies and Armed Groups - Sudan.’ The Central African Republic and Small Arms: A Regional Tinderbox, pp. 57-58. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 December

Relevant contents

Indirect Transfers from Regional Armies and Armed Groups - Sudan

The Sudan People's Liberation Army, however, has been a sustained source of small arms in CAR. Thousands of soldiers with the SPLA are believed to have crossed into CAR in the 1980s looking for food and security (during periods of drought and Sudanese military offensives).

Demafouth noted that in 1985 perhaps 10,000–15,000 Sudanese sought refuge in CAR. He added that, according to the Central African police commissioner at the time, combatants made up approximately 50 per cent of this number, and estimated that they had brought around 5,000 weapons with them. It was not uncommon for SPLA members to trade or sell their weapons. During the mid-1990s, when the number of refugees in CAR peaked at about 36,000, a Kalashnikov could sell for as little as FCFA 3,000 (USD 6); ammunition, however, was often harder to locate. The SPLA controlled the southern two-thirds of their common border and was known to be occupying villages as far as 200 km into CAR territory through 2003.

[CAR = Central African Republic; FCFA = African Financial Community Franc; SPLA = Sudan People's Liberation Army]

ID: Q5241

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