Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Kenya. 2010 ‘Introduction.’ National Report of Kenya on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), p. 3. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Kenya to the United Nations. 1 January
Country Report to the Fourth UN Biennial Meeting of States on the Status of Implementation of the UN Program of Action on Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons and The Implementation of International Tracing Instrument, 2010.
Circulation of illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) continues to pose great threat to global security and development. In Africa, SALW have been tools of choice in intra and inter state conflicts. As a result the continent has witnessed massive loss of lives, destruction of property and underdevelopment, gross human violations, acts of terrorism among other societal ills. This is attributed to the easy availability, relative inexpensiveness, technical simplicity and easy mobility of illicit SALW.
Kenya continue to suffer the effect of SALW proliferation as a result of porous borders with unstable neighbouring states, large refugee influx relative, stability in an unpredictable region, geographically vast and isolated arid and semi arid areas that can not be policed adequately among many others. These arms have continued to fuel both urban and rural crime, abet cattle rustling and fuel ethnic clan conflicts. The net effect has led to the high cost of providing security, underdevelopment in arid and semi arid areas mostly inhabited by armed pastoral communities and instability arising from cross border manifestation of these pastoral conflicts. Recent cases of terrorism and piracy have all strengthened the resolve of the Government of Kenya to work with all willing partners within sub regional, regional and global arrangements to address the problem of illicit SALW.