Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Grillot, Suzette R, Wolf-Christian Paes, Hans Risser and Shelly O Stoneman. 2004 ‘Smuggling and Trafficking in Macedonia.’ A Fragile Peace: Guns and Security in Post-Conflict Macedonia, p. 36. Geneva: Bonn International Center for Conversion / Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 January
Smuggling and Trafficking in Macedonia
Following the break-up of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s, the emergence of five new states created more than 4,800 km of new international borders in the western Balkans region. About 720 km of those borders delineate Macedonia's frontier with its five neighbours: Albania, Bulgaria, Serbia, Kosovo, and Greece.
Macedonia confronted many of the same challenges faced by other states with relatively new borders: inefficient border agencies, minimal cooperation between the different agencies, and insufficiently equipped border checkpoints. In an effort to correct these weaknesses and prepare their country for European integration, Macedonian officials have since taken a number of actions, including adopting new legislation and implementing new technology at the borders to stem the flow of contraband goods into the country.
Nonetheless, the borders remain porous; indeed, the government's failure to create and maintain effective border controls has allowed illegal small arms and light weapons to remain in circulation in Macedonia and the greater Balkan region