Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Pietz, Tobias, Rebekka Edelmann and Elvan Isikozlu. 2006 ‘Amnesty and Collection Capacity.’ SALW Survey of Croatia; Section 5.12, p. 52. Belgrade: South Eastern and Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SEESAC) / Bonn International Center for Conversion. 1 November
Amnesty and Collection Capacity
In the past Croatia has seen different kinds of amnesties, collections and buy-back programs to reduce the number of illegal SALW [small arms and light weapons] throughout the country. The two most popular and successful programmes were the UN-facilitated 'buy-back' program in Eastern Slavonia from 1996 to 1997, and the recent collection programme 'Farewell to Arms' which was implemented from 2001 until the end of 2002. Besides these initiatives and other official amnesty programmes, there may have only been very small and locally sponsored initiatives, as well as informal returns of illegal SALW to police stations since this time.
Altogether, there have been seven periods of amnesty and collection of weapons and ammunition where citizens could hand over or legalize unregistered weapons without punishment. Those were from:
- 30 October 1992 to 30 April 1993;
- 10 May 1993 to 10 May 1994;
- 05 January 1996 to 05 January 1997 (with financial compensation);
- 19 February 1997 to 19 August 1997;
- 01 January 1999 to 02 August 1999;
- 22 February 2001 to 22 February 2002; and
- 01 March 2002 to 31 December 2002.
According to a government document from 2006, the third period with financial compensation was the most successful. In contrast, the final document of the collection programme 'Farewell to Arms' sees its own programme of voluntary submission as more successful than the one with financial compensation.
Altogether, the number of weapons and ammunition collected over all seven periods is quite high: 33,598 weapons were collected, over 1.6 million items of explosive ordnance, over five million rounds of ammunition, and more than 7.5 kg of explosives.