Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Georgia. 2005 ‘Export Controls.’ National Report of Georgia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), p. 6. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Georgia to the United Nations. 1 January
Relevant Georgian authorities carried out a series of investigative activities to detect the channels of illegal trafficking of arms and ammunitions. Substantial work is being done to confiscate the arms possessed illegally in the population.
The Georgian side is actively involved in, and will continue to exchange the information with all the states concerned on the licensed entrepreneurs, confiscation of the illegally exported arms and the physical and legal persons pursued by law for the illegal export of arms. The implementation of such arrangements is temporarily impossible on the breakaway territories of Abkhazia and Tskinvali Region not controlled by the Georgian authorities. The separatist regimes of these regions have their own armed forces with the military equipment, which is illegal as per the international and domestic law. The arms smuggling to other hot spots through the breakaway regions of Georgia adds to the complexity of the situation not only in Georgia but the Caucasian region as a whole.
The existence of criminal interest groups increases the threat of proliferation and illicit trafficking of small arms. There are some poorly patrolled roads and open passages on the border due to the lack of customs/border guards' posts and the complexity of the terrain along the Georgian state border, which coincides with the Caucasian mountains. In addition, the inadequate financing of the Georgian border guard service leads to the lack of the equipment and capabilities for the prevention of illicit trafficking of arms.