Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Macedonia. 2010 ‘Export Controls.’ National Report of Macedonia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA); Section 7, p. 13. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of the Republic of Macedonia to the United Nations. 4 March
An authorization for purchase weapons, its components, ammunition or explosive materials is issued to an registered firm (in the register of the Ministry of Economy and holding an authorization to trade with weapons, its parts, ammunition and explosive materials). This authorization is valid for 6 months. With this authorization the trade company can start negotiations and collect offers.
At the moment a deal is made and the company wants to import the goods, they request an authorization to cross the State Borders, which is equal to an import license. Trade firm, the amount of goods and the end user are verified. The request is sent by the Ministry of the Interior to the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for their approval. (Check on danger for the security of the State, UN Embargoes, and the conditions according to the European Code of Conduct) The decision of this commission is ruled by the "Veto" right. If the request is positive, an import license and a user certificate are issued. The license is valid for three months.
48 hours before the arrival in the country, the importer needs to inform the Ministry of the Interior when the transport will arrive at the State Borders. Every transport is checked by the Customs Administration and the sector for weapons, ammunition and explosive materials of the Ministry of the Interior on validity and authentication of the documentation as well as the quantity and identification
of the goods. The transport is further escorted to the end user or in case of transit to the other border post.
Illegal trafficking is being prevented through several measures prescribed in the national integrated border management strategy like x-scanners, intelligence and pro-active investigations, searches, the development of a border intelligence group (Customs and Border police) and the establishment of the ASYCUDA database system which links all border crossing points and clearance stations together…
End-user certificate is standardized according to EU standards for SALW, arms as well as dual use goods.
[SALW = small arms and light weapons]