Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Serbia & Montenegro. 2005 ‘Export Controls.’ National Report of Serbia and Montenegro on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), p. 3. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Serbia & Montenegro to the United Nations. 1 January
The Law on Foreign Sales of Arms, Military Equipment and Dual-Purpose Goods was adopted in February 2005 and entered into force on 31 March 2005. In contrast to the former Law, this matter is no longer dealt with in the Ministry of Defence.
The Law specifies all the activities included in the sale of arms, military equipment and dual-purpose goods, while the Ministry for International Economic Relations is the central authority responsible for the implementation of the Law at the state union level. Furthermore, the Law contains clearly defined provisions according to which the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs actively participate in the process of issuing licences and have the right of veto in certain situations. All in all, the provisions of the Law are dosely knit and balance relevant pieces of domestic legislation, regulations and administrative procedures to ensure a truly effective export control.
The Law provides for the consideration of political and security aspects of exports and the establishment of the existance of UN, EU or OSCE arms embargos, as well as the assessment of economic aspects of export arrangements prior to the issuance of an export licence.
A licence for a specific country and a specific quantity will be issued only after it has been established that the requisite conditions have been fulfilled, that the export is not banned by an arms embargo and that it is economical. With respect to specific exports, special attention is paid to the authenticity of the end-user certificate. Issuance of transit permits is determined by a similar procedure.