Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Jackson, Thomas, Nicholas Marsh, Taylor Owen and Ann Thurin. 2005 ‘Who Takes the Bullet? The impact of small arms violence.’ Norwegian Church Aid: Understanding the Issues (3), p. 18. Oslo: Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers / NISAT / PRIO. 1 March
The Impact of Small Arms Violence
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2000, Brazil suffered 30,855 homicides committed with a firearm (out of a total 45,904 by all methods). (26)
This level of homicide is higher than in many countries involved in war.
Research by the WHO also found that urban areas were especially prone to violence: "almost one in five firearm deaths for the entire country occurred within the states of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Pernambuco."
And this violence was overwhelmingly suffered by men. During the period 1991-2000, "over 90% of the 265 975 firearms-related deaths occurred among young males." (27)
26) World Health Organisation. 2005. WHO Mortality Database (http://www3. who.int/whosis/menu.cfm?path=whosis,mort&language=english). Accessed 21.04.2005
27) Meddings, David. 2003. Report of the World Health Organisation. Statement made at the First Biennial Meeting of States to Consider the Implementation of the Programme of Action (http://disarmament.un.org:8080/cab/salw-2003/statements/Organizations/UN-CASA/WHO.pdf). Accessed: 21.04.05