Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Karp, Aaron. 2007 ‘Completing the Count: Ireland: isolated no longer.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City; Box 2.2, p. 44. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 27 August
Instead of Northern Ireland, now it is the Republic of Ireland that is feeling the effects of criminal gun violence.
Historically, its gun laws were restrictive. Handguns were banned in the early 1970s. The Firearms and Wildlife Act of 1976 banned high-calibre rifles and repeating shotguns (Cusack, 1996).
Despite these measures, in the early 2000s the Irish police (the Garda Síochána) were reporting steep increases in gun crime. Absolute numbers were low by international standards - from 450 firearm offences in 2001, increasing to 600 in 2002 - but the change was a shock (Breslin, 2004).
By 2006 the press were describing the phenomenon as an 'epidemic' of gun crime (Emigrant Online, 2006). Officials began to speak of an emerging 'gun culture' (Connolly, 2006).
[Full-page feature on gun policy in the Republic of Ireland, with sources]