Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
New Zealand. 2010 ‘Implementation of the Programme of Action - Export Controls.’ National Report of New Zealand on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) (B8), p. 9. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of New Zealand to the United Nations. 1 February
B8. Has your Government put in place or implemented adequate laws, regulations and administrative procedure to ensure effective control over the export and transit of small arms and light weapons, including the use of end-user certificates?
New Zealand controls on the export of SALW are implemented through the Customs Export Prohibition Order 2008, promulgated under the Customs and Excise Act 1996. That order requires the consent of the Secretary of Foreign Affairs and Trade (the Secretary) for the export of items identified in the New Zealand Strategic Goods List (NZSGL), which is publicly available on www.mfat.govt.nz.
The NZSGL is updated regularly to reflect changes in the various multilateral non-proliferation/export control regimes to which New Zealand belongs. The Munitions List of the NZSGL contains the list of SALW that are subject to export controls. This sub-list includes items listed on the Wassenaar Arrangement control list (ML1 - ML22), and additional items controlled by New Zealand including sporting firearms, parts and ammunition and commercial explosives (ML901-ML909).
Once an export application is received, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade (MFAT) consults with relevant government agencies and assesses the application in accordance with its standard export criteria eg. whether the export would contravene UN Security Council embargoes, undercut a denial from an export control partner, or contribute to conflicts.
MFAT typically requires supporting documentation such as evidence of import authorisation and an enduser certificate, and also has the discretion to ask the exporter to supply a delivery verification certificate to help ensure that SALW are not diverted.
Applications have been denied due to concerns about security and the risk of diversion.