Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Germany. 2010 ‘Export Controls and Brokering Controls - Licenses.’ National Report of Germany on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA); Section 18.104.22.168. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Germany to the United Nations. 22 February
Export Controls and Brokering Controls - Licenses
Types of Licenses for Final Exports:
German law on foreign trade and payments defines four types of licenses for final exports individual licenses, maximum amount licenses, collective export licenses; and general licenses. As the second is only a variant of the first, they are dealt with here jointly.
Individual Licenses and Maximum Amount Licenses:
The basic export license is the "individual license" (Einzelgenehmigung). It authorizes the export of one or several pieces of equipment to one recipient upon application.
As a special type of individual license, a "maximum amount license" (Hoechstbetragsgenehmigung) can be issued. This license permits the export of equipment for several contracts, e.g. in the context of a framework contract with a customer, up to the maximum amount authorized (i.e., the likely sales in one year).
Collective Export Licenses:
Rather than applying for individual licenses, it is possible to issue a "collective license" (Sammelausfuhrgenehmigung) to certain exporters. This license permits the export of a group of equipment to several recipients.
General Licenses are inapplicable for SALW.
[SALW = small arms and light weapons]