Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Canada. 2008 ‘Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).’ National Report of Canada on its Implementation of the Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), pp. 2-3. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations. 1 July
The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) provides a centralized tracing support available to all law enforcement agencies in Canada. The serial number and/or the firearm identification number recorded at the time of registration of the firearm allow it to be traced.
In addition, Canadian firearms legislation requires each firearm to be registered against the manufacturer's inventory at the time of production, or the importer's inventory at the time of importation, and at every subsequent transfer.
With this system, a quick electronic registration query can replace many hours or days of intensive police work identifying the last legal owners of firearms, possibly providing valuable investigative leads.