Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Poland. 2020 ‘Marking and Record-keeping.’ National Report of Poland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA); Section 7, p. 4, p. 11, pp. 19-20. New York NY: Permanent Mission of Poland to the United Nations. 1 January
Marking and manufacture
2.2. Does your country require that SALW be marked at the time of manufacture? YES
2.2.1. What information is included in the marking?
a) Name of the manufacturer. YES
b) Country of manufacture. YES
c) Serial number. YES
d) Year of manufacture. YES
e) Weapon type/model. YES
f) Caliber [No Response]
2.2.2. What part of the SALW is marked?
Barrel, frame or receiver, slide or cylinder, bolt or breech block and all essential components, whether part of a firearm or placed separately on the market.
2.2.3. Are there exceptions to the requirement to mark SALW at the time of manufacture? NO
Marking at import
3.10. Does your country require that SALW imported into your country be marked at the time of import? YES
3.10.1. Who is responsible for marking the SALW? Importer. SALW is marked or marks are supplemented before being placed SALW on the market in the territory of the Republic of Poland.
3.10.2. What information is included in the marking on import?
a) Country of import. YES
b) Year of import. YES
SALW after importation into territory of Poland prior the trade has to have marks as in point 2.2.1. Other information as: import country, year of import and others are recorded in the record system.
3.10.3. Are there exceptions to the requirement to mark imported SALW? YES
22.214.171.124. If so, describe:
SALW imported by the armed forces and some armed services is not subject to regulations regarding changes in the marking of weapons after importation until SALW are released for civil use. SALW released for civil use is marked or its marking is supplemented directly after importing into the European Union before being placed on the market in the territory of the Republic of Poland. Markings can only be made or supplemented by an entrepreneur who has been granted a concession for the production of this type of SALW.
3.10.4. If marked SALW imported into your country do not bear a unique marking when they arrive, does your country require that they be given such a marking? YES
SALW imported into Poland and intended for civil use is marked or this marking is supplemented so that all the required data listed in point 2.2.1. were introduced to further track the history of this SALW.
7.1 Does your country take measures to ensure that all SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces for their own use are duly marked? YES
7.1.1. Describe the markings that are applied to government-held stocks.
All arms and weapons possessed by the Polish Armed Forces are properly marked. The markings that are applied to government-held stocks are irremovable, each core part of the weapon is marked separately.
7.1.2. When government stocks are transferred to civilians or private companies in your territory, are such stocks marked to indicate that your government transferred the stocks?
7.2. Does your country encourage manufacturers of SALW to develop measures against the removal or alteration of markings? YES
The data to be placed on SALW and the way of the marking has been carried out and specified in the Act and are the subject of discussions with enterprises producing SALW.
7.3. In its marking practice, does your country take into account developments in SALW manufacturing, technology and design (e.g. modular weapons, the use of new materials and 3D printing)? YES
Poland places particular emphasis on the correct and permanent marking of important SALW components that are made of materials other than steel.
[SALW = Small Arms and Light Weapons]