Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Lee, Lois K., Eric W. Fleegler, Caitlin Farrell et al. 2016 ‘Firearm Laws and Firearm Homicides.’ JAMA Internal Medicine. Chicago IL: American Medical Association. 14 November
Question: What are the effects of firearm laws on firearm homicides in the United States?
Findings: We found evidence that stronger firearm laws are associated with reductions in firearm homicide rates. The strongest evidence is for laws that strengthen background checks and that require a permit to purchase a firearm. The effect of many of the other specific types of laws is uncertain, specifically laws to curb gun trafficking, improve child safety, ban military-style assault weapons, and restrict firearms in public places.
Meaning: Given the magnitude and gravity of firearm homicides in the United States, effective legal and public health policies and adequate funding to enable high-quality research are essential.
[F]indings: In the aggregate, stronger gun policies were associated with decreased rates of firearm homicide, even after adjusting for demographic and sociologic factors. Laws that strengthen background checks and permit-to-purchase seemed to decrease firearm homicide rates. Specific laws directed at firearm trafficking, improving child safety, or the banning of military-style assault weapons were not associated with changes in firearm homicide rates. The evidence for laws restricting guns in public places and leniency in gun carrying was mixed…