Citation(s) from the literature library

International Crisis Group. 2010 ‘Security Forces.’ Illicit Arms in Indonesia (No. 109), pp. 4-5. Jakarta: International Crisis Group. 6 September

Relevant contents


Firearm possession by the police and military is also strictly regulated, at least on paper, with detailed procedures for registration, training, storage and inspection.


Within the military, troops and non-commissioned officers are assigned assault rifles, usually SS1, made in Indonesia under license from Fabrique Nationale, the Belgian arms manufacturer. Officers usually have a pistol as well. The firearms are assigned by the military's ordnance unit to particular units, and each unit maintains its own armoury. Any soldier taking out a gun must sign it out, noting its serial number, and leave a name tag in its place. All the armouries have at least two guards, carefully vetted, they are guarded around the clock; most now have a three-door system to protect against theft, but in remote areas, security is weaker. Every unit also maintains a separate warehouse for ammunition…


Within the police, the head of a unit determines who can carry a gun. They must have the rank of second police brigadier (bripda); a field rather than staff position; and a recommendation from the internal security section of the police (propam) for good behaviour. The permit is valid for one year, and every time it is renewed, in theory, the owner must take a psychological test.

Each police unit from the subdistrict-level police station up to headquarters is assigned a specific number of guns and these are kept in a depot. An officer acting as depot head reports to the head of the unit. He is supposed to keep close track of all guns, writing down in a book the serial number of the gun taken out and the name of the person it is assigned to.

Inspections are supposed to work much the same way as they do in the military. In fact, however, there is no way either physically or financially the inspectors can carry out checks of every unit as required. Ultimately it depends on the conscientiousness of the unit commander to ensure that the system works the way it is supposed to…

ID: Q13463

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