Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Holtom, Paul and Irene Pavesi. 2017 ‘Key Findings - Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer.’ Trade Update 2017: Out of the Shadows, p. 13. Geneva: Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 11 September
Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer
The 2017 edition of the Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer identifies Germany, Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Serbia as the most transparent top and major small arms exporters. Iran, Israel, North Korea, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are the least transparent major exporters.
The average score in the 2017 Barometer is 11.33 out of 25 points. The areas that have seen the most improvement over the past year are: comprehensiveness (+17 per cent), access and consistency (+12 per cent), licences denied (+11 per cent), and clarity (+4 per cent).
In their first ATT annual reports, Austria, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, and Liberia—none of which had reported small arms transfers to the UN Register—provided information on small arms transfers, thus increasing overall transparency on international small arms transfers.
Although Iran, North Korea, and the UAE rarely, if ever, recorded small arms exports worth USD 10 million or more in Comtrade, Survey research indicates that they are major small arms exporters. It is more difficult to determine the status of Saudi Arabia, which appears to be a significant re-exporter of small arms.
Japan Trade Transparency Barometer Score: 9.25