Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
UN Register of Conventional Arms. 2018 ‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports - Japan.’ UNROCA - The Global Reported Arms Trade. New York, NY: United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. 1 January
Since its inception in 1991, the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms (UNROCA) has received reports from more than 170 States. The vast majority of official transfers are captured in UNROCA.
Transparency in armaments builds confidence between countries, and can help determine whether excessive or destabilizing accumulations of arms take place. Being open about armaments may encourage restraint in the transfer or production of arms, and can contribute to preventive diplomacy.
UNROCA web site: https://www.unroca.org/
[*Includes transfers of which quantities are not reported]
[Editor's Note: GunPolicy.org calculates the total of all small arms1 categories for a given year. Light weapons,2 as defined by UNROCA, are not included in GunPolicy.org totals. To view a detailed breakdown of small arms trade data by weapon type, or to view trade data pertaining to light weapons, please follow the link above.
Export and import data can be found by selecting the relevant country, 'Small arms & light weapons,' and scrolling down to the relevant section (select 'by years' to view data).
National reports are submitted to the Register on an annual basis by participating countries. Note that discrepancies are common between reporting states. If data reported by the country in question is discrepant with data reported by trade partners, data from the reporting country will be counted. However, if the reporting country does not disclose totals for a given small arms category, whereas its trade partners do, GunPolicy.org will count such data].