Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Monaco. 2004 ‘Weapons That Are Not Weapons of War.’ National Report of Monaco on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), pp. 2-3. New York NY: Permanent Mission of Monaco to the United Nations. 12 February
Weapons in other categories — defensive firearms, hunting weapons, edged weapons, shotguns, fairground or ornamental weapons, antiques and collectors' weapons, and their ammunition — are governed by specific Monegasque law arising from Act No. 913 on weapons and ammunition and its implementing legislation, in particular Sovereign Ordinance No. 6,947 of 16 October 1980. This regime, which is based on French law, is particularly restrictive; it provides that:
– Prior administrative authorization must be obtained for the manufacture and trade of defensive firearms or their ammunition and for intermediary or advertising activities relating to these items;
– Prior administrative authorization must be obtained for every operation to import defensive firearms, hunting weapons, edged weapons, shotguns or fairground or ornamental weapons, the expressly decreed principle being prohibition;
– Prior administrative authorization must be obtained by non-professionals for the acquisition, possession, carrying and transport of defensive firearms or edged weapons;
– Criminal penalties (fines and imprisonment) shall be applicable in cases of disregard of the rules set out above, without prejudice to measures to confiscate, auction or deactivate seized weapons and ammunition, withdraw permits that have been issued or suspend administrative declarations. In particular, a penalty of one to five years' imprisonment and a fine of €9,000 to €18,000 is applicable to any person who engages in the manufacture or trade of weapons and ammunition without obtaining a permit or declaring the activity, or who acts as an intermediary without being authorized to do so.
Aside from the requirement that any import or export of small arms must be authorized in advance by the Government of Monaco, any form of illicit trade in such weapons is severely punished under law.