Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Small Arms Survey. 2004 ‘Targeting the Middlemen: Controlling brokering activities.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk, p. 156. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1 July
The third model [of national arms brokering legislation] has an even broader scope, and it is used in Belgium, Switzerland, Ukraine, and the United States.
In these cases the law explicitly states that all brokering activity conducted on the national territory is subject to licensing, *irrespective of the origins of the weapons* [italics in the original].
Swiss regulations have a particularly broad application, covering brokering conducted on their territory by any agent (Switzerland, 1996, art. 15).
Foreign agents are also covered by Belgian and US legislation: for the first, all Belgian and foreign residents in Belgium need a brokering licence (Belgium, 2003, art. 10); for the second, licences are necessary for all US citizens and all foreign agents subject to the US jurisdiction (US, 2003, sec. 129.2.b).
Similarly, in South Africa brokering subject to licensing includes mediation between any manufacturer or supplier of conventional arms, or provider of services, and any buyer or recipient of the same (2002, art. 1.i).