Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library

Russia. 2014 ‘Criminalization.’ National Report of the Russian Federation on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), pp. 5-6. New York NY: Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations. 1 January

Relevant contents

4. Law enforcement/criminalization…

The legal regulations relating to small arms and light weapons involve the need for authorization: all actions not permitted explicitly under legislative acts are prohibited. Depending on the type of violation of the procedure governing trade in small arms and light weapons, Russian legislation provides for administrative, material or criminal liability.

In accordance with the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, Federal Act No. 63 of 13 June 1996 (Compendium of Laws of the Russian Federation, 1996, issue No. 25, entry No. 2954), the illegal manufacture, storage, acquisition, transfer, transport and bearing of and trade in small arms and light weapons are defined as punishable criminal offences. Criminal penalties are also established for the theft, extortion, negligent storage, inadequate protection and loss of small arms and light weapons and for the violation of regulations relating to their handling.

Under article 222, as amended on 25 June 1998, the illegal acquisition, transfer, sale, storage, transport and bearing of firearms, basic parts of firearms, ammunition, explosive substances or explosive devices are punishable by imprisonment for a term of up to eight years.

Under article 223, as amended on 25 June 1998, the illegal manufacture of firearms is punishable by imprisonment for a term of up to eight years.

Under article 224, negligent storage of firearms which allows their use by another person, if this leads to serious consequences, is punishable by restriction of liberty for a term of up to two years.

Under article 225, dereliction of duty by a person responsible for the protection of firearms, ammunition, explosive substances or explosive devices, if this leads to their theft, destruction or other serious consequences, is punishable by imprisonment for a term of up to two years.

Under article 226, the theft or extortion of firearms, spare parts for them, ammunition, explosive substances or explosive devices is punishable by imprisonment for up to 15 years.

Under article 226.1, the smuggling of firearms or their component parts, explosive devices or ammunition, or any weapons or military equipment, is punishable by imprisonment for a term of up to 12 years and a fine of up to 1 million roubles.

Under article 348, as amended on 25 June 1998, violation of the rules for the protection of weapons, ammunition or items of military equipment for official use, if, through negligence, this leads to their loss, is punishable by imprisonment for a term of up to two years.

Under article 349, violation of the rules for the handling of weapons and ammunition, if, through negligence, this causes the death of a person, is punishable by imprisonment for a term of up to five years or, in the event of the death of two or more persons, for a term of up to 10 years.

Measures to identify, prevent, suppress and detect offences involving weapons, including small arms and light weapons, are regulated by Federal Act No. 144 of 12 August 1995 on police operations and investigations, as amended by Federal Act No. 302 of 2 November 2013 (Compendium of Laws of the Russian Federation, 1995, issue No. 33, entry No. 3349)…

ID: Q12510

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