Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Japan. 2016 ‘Marking and Record Keeping.’ National Report of Japan on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA); Section 7, pp. 5-6. New York NY: Permanent Mission of Japan to the United Nations. 10 March
Section 7: Marking and Record Keeping
14. Does your country take measures to ensure that all SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces for their own use are duly marked? YES
14.1. Describe the markings that are applied to government-held stocks.
SALW held by government: Governmental agency's mark, name of SALW, serial number (year of production), trademark of company. SALW held by Self Defence Force: mainly serial number, types of weapons, and marks of its mark (military, maritime, or Air Force), though it depends on types of SALW. SALW held by police have to be recorded on files whenever being taken out from and put back into storage. SALW held by Correction Bureau and the Immigration Bureau of the Ministry of Justice have to be kept in locked storage, and the management status of the SALW has to be made clear at all times by the books regarding the management of it. SALW held by the Japan Coast Guard have to be marked by the mark of Japanese Coast Guard, name of handguns, serial numbers, trademark…
16. Does your country have standards and procedures related to keeping of records for all marked SALW in its territory? YES
16.1. What records relating to SALW are kept by the State (e.g. manufacturing, brokering, import and export licences granted, sales to other States, SALW held by State agencies such as the armed forces etc)?
Records of all marked SALW are kept. Information of records including serial numbers, registered numbers, models, information of manufacture, numbers of manufacture, dates of manufacture and dealers of SALW are kept as necessary. The records are mainly kept in files. "Explosive Control Law" does not stipulate regulations on record keeping of ammunition and explosives from viewpoints of their identification and tracing. However, it provides that manufacturers and sellers of ammunition and explosives should record their types and amounts, dates of trades, and names and addresses of customers on the books, from viewpoints to manage explosives properly and prevent explosives-related disasters
16.2. How long does the government keep such records?
SALW of police: their records are kept during their possession. SALW of the Self Defence Forces: their records are kept during their possession and after a year of its disposal. SALW of Coast Guard: their records are kept during their possession. "Ordnance Manufacturing Law" requires manufacturers to keep the records, but does not stipulate the duration that records should be kept. Practically, almost all manufacturers keep the records more than 10 years…
[SALW = Small Arms and Light Weapons]