Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Small Arms Survey. 2001 ‘Crime, Conflict, Corruption: Global illicit small arms transfers.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem, p. 170. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1 July
While many small arms transfers to Africa may be technically legal, the lack of transparency with respect to countries such as China, the Russian Federation, Ukraine, and Bulgaria -- as well as the fact that many weapons end up in areas of conflict or tension -- means that many of them may start out legal, but end up in the grey or black market.