Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Philippines. 2012 ‘International Transfers.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI); Section 3. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations. 28 March
Section 3: International Transfers
6. Does your country have laws, regulations or administrative procedures to exercise effective control over the export, import, transit or retransfer of SALW? YES
6.1. List laws, regulations or administrative procedures to exercise effective control over the export, import, transit or retransfer of SALW.
a. RA No. 1937 namely the "Tariff and Customs Code of the Philippines"
Description: i. RA 1937 states that all articles, when imported from any foreign country into the Philippines, shall be subject to duty upon each importation. Under Section 102, the importation into the Philippines of articles such as dynamite, gunpowder, ammunition and other explosives, firearms and weapons of war, and detached parts thereof, is prohibited except when authorized by law.
ii. Under Section 885 of the same law, an additional license is required to keep firearms in excess of amount permitted under original license.
b. Philippine National Police Circular No. 10
i. Importation of Firearm Parts and Ammo Components A Licensed Manufacturer may Import firearm parts and ammo components to be used in the manufacture of firearms and ammunition. Firearm parts and ammunition components to be imported shall however be limited to the parts and components of the firearms and ammunition authorized to be manufactured as reflected in the approved License to Operate. All imported firearm parts, ammunition components, spare parts, accessories, raw materials, etc., upon arrival and payment of taxes due on imported articles with the Bureau of Customs shall be transferred directly to the manufacturing plant for inspection, inventory and recording escorted by FEO-CSG1 representative.
ii. Exportation of Firearms, Ammunition and others
a.) A licensed manufacturer of commercial and military firearms,ammunition, spare parts, accessories, etc., may upon request and approval by Chief, PNP export their products to countries with whom the Philippines maintain diplomatic relations…
b.) The request for authority to export shall be accompanied by a Letter of Intent and End-User's Certificate of foreign buyer/importer and specific information such as the quantity & nomenclature of the articles sought for export, the purpose and the name & address of the foreign buyer/importer.
c.) The export of commercial firearms, ammunition, spare parts, ammo components, etc and defense/military items shall not be allowed when such export will have an adverse effect on Philippine foreign relations with any foreign government. The requirements of the AFP and PNP for any defense/military items sought to be exported shall have priority over the export of same and shall not be reexported to any third country. The exporter shall submit a report of foreign sales under approved export application to the Chief of FEO.
d.) All manufactured firearms due for export shall be subjected for inspection by representative of FEO, CSG at the manufacturing plant of the licensed manufacturer prior to its packaging.
e.) All firearms and ammunition locally produced by licensed manufacturers shall be inspected by representative of FED, CSG and may be sold commercially only through licensed gun dealers, licensed indentors, or exported abroad upon approval of the request.
f.) The exportation of locally manufactured firearms used in trade exhibit abroad shall be returned to the Philippines after the show.
[FEO = Firearms and Explosives Office of the Philippine National Police; CSG = Civil Security Group of the Philippine National Police; PNP = Philippine National Police; AFP = Armed Forces of the Philippines; SALW = Small Arms and Light Weapons]