Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Small Arms Survey. 2001 ‘Illicit Transfers.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem, pp. 183-4. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1 July
The Philippines is a hotbed of arms trafficking activities…. the vast majority of weapons procured by insurgency groups are obtained via the Philippine armed forces (AFP) and national police. Many are captured during operations against the AFP or on raids of PNP supplies… There are also cases where military officials and soldiers sell their arms outright to insurgency groups. Insurgency groups also look to theft from landowners and kidnapping for ransom as a means to bolster their small arms arsenals….
Not only do enormous quantities of arms flow into the Philippines; they flow out as well. Danao gunsmiths are known to export an undisclosed quantity of arms to criminal syndicates in Taiwan and are also a major source for Japan's Yakuza crime bosses. There has also been speculation that Philippine-made arms are entering Indonesia's troubled Malukas via Mindanao.