Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Canada. 2012 ‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Canada on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA) and the International Tracing Instrument (ITI); Section 3, p. 8. New York NY: Permanent Mission of Canada to the United Nations. 1 January
6. Does your country have laws, regulations or administrative procedures to exercise
effective control over the export, import, transit or retransfer of SALW? YES
6.1 List laws, regulations or administrative procedures to exercise effective control over the export, import, transit or retransfer of SALW.
Export and Import Permits Act1
Export Permits Regulations
Export Control List
Import Permits Regulations
Import Control List
Automatic Firearms Country Control List
6.2 Does a person or an entity who transfers SALW require a licence or other form of authorisation to transfer SALW from/into your country? YES
A permit is required for the export of all SALW to any destination, with one exception; for exports to the United States, a permit is required only for the export of prohibited firearms. In addition, permits to export automatic firearms can be issued only for export to destinations that are included on the Automatic Firearms Country Control List (AFCCL).
Canadian policy allows for individuals and businesses to import firearms, other than prohibited firearms,2 without an import permit; however, firearms imported for police or military use require an import permit. Individuals and businesses importing firearms into Canada must hold a valid firearms licence for the type of firearms being imported. Additonally, an Authorization to Transport and a registration certificate are required in order to import restricted and prohibited firearms.
[SALW = Small Arms and Light Weapons]