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China's Loose Arms Still Fuel Myanmar's Civil Wars

Asia Times

28 January 2020

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In recent months, Asian intelligence officials and well-placed ethnic sources have confirmed to Asia Times that much of the Chinese weaponry purchased by the UWSA [United Wa State Army] since 2011 has been channeled through neighboring Laos.

Official end-user certificates (EUCs) issued to cover exports by state-run manufacturers such as North China Industries Group Corporation (NORINCO) and China National Precision Machinery Import-Export Corporation (responsible for FN-6 foreign sales) have listed the Lao Defense Ministry as the recipient, the same sources say.

In Laos, "grey zone" trading takes over: the munitions are understood to be trucked through the northwest of the country, across the Mekong River to the port of Sop Lui, and into Wa-controlled territory via Special Region 4 run by the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA), or Mong La group, an UWSA neighbor and ally also observing a ceasefire with the Myanmar military.

ID: N746

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