Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Massari, Monica. 2013 ‘Mafiosi - Acquisition of and Access to Weapons.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers; Chapter 4, p. 88. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 2 July
Mafiosi - Acquisition of and access to weapons
Italian law requires licensed firearms dealers to verify the eligibility of purchasers and maintain records of gun purchases, which must be forwarded to the police on a monthly basis (Italy, 2010).
Ineligible buyers, such as members of criminal groups, tend to obtain guns from the legitimate market through 'straw purchasers' - relatives, friends, or ordinary citizens with a gun licence who buy firearms on their behalf and then usually report them stolen. Serial numbers on these firearms are usually obliterated. As a straw purchaser is not likely to be able to acquire more than one gun in this way, mafiosi seem to rely on more structured sources of supply to maintain their arsenals…
Italy. 2010. Decreto Legislativo 26 ottobre 2010 No. 204: Attuazione della direttiva 2008/51/CE, che modifica la direttiva 91/477/CEE relativa al controllo dell'acquisizione e della detenzione di armi. Gazzettta Ufficiale, No. 288. 10 December 2010.