Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Norway. 2010 ‘Homicides.’ Armed Violence in Norway: Incidence and Responses, p. 11. Oslo: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 1 May
Statistics show that there are few homicides in Norway compared to other countries. Depending on how the statistics are calculated, the current annual homicide rate is between 0.64 and 0.74 per 100 000 inhabitants, i.e. between 30 and 34 deaths per year, in a population of 4.9 million.
Both rates are calculated on the basis of criminal justice data sources. The lower rate, 0.64 per 100 000 inhabitants, is obtained from the official statistics on homicide from Statistics Norway and the National Criminal Investigation Service (KRIPOS) which are calculated using data from the police register of criminal cases (STRASAK), and are based on the number of victims of homicide pursuant to section 233 of the General Civil Penal Code, i.e. intentional or premeditated murder.
The higher rate, 0.74 per 100 000 inhabitants, is obtained by examining all cases of lives taken by another person, and where there is an enforceable conviction, pursuant to section 233 of the General Civil Penal Code, i.e. homicide, and infanticide (code 1710 - section 234), bodily harm resulting in death (code 1714 - section 229, third sentence option), grievous bodily harm (code 1706 - section 231), deprivation of liberty (code 1602 - section 223), rendering a person helpless (code 1718 - section 242), life, body, health - miscellaneous (code 1799), robbery, extortion - miscellaneous (code 2599), arson resulting in death (code 701 - section 148).(10)
By comparison, the world average homicide rate in 2004 was 7.6 per 100 000 inhabitants, i.e. 490 000 deaths.(11)
10) Homicide in Norway in the Period 2004-2009. Report by the Committee appointed by Royal Decree on 24 April 2009, Summary in English NOU 2010:3, pp. 20-21, 29-30. http://www.regjeringen.no/pages/13400193/PDFS/NOU201020100003000EN_PDFS.pdf.
11) Global Burden of Armed Violence, Geneva Declaration Secretariat, September 2008, p. 67, http://www.genevadeclaration.org/fileadmin/ docs/Global-Burden-of-Armed-Violence-full-report.pdf.