Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Acharya, Arabinda, Aaron Karp, Sonal Marwah and Anjali Krishnan. 2011 ‘Terrorism and Insurgency in Kashmir.’ India's States of Armed Violence: Assessing the Human Cost and Political Priorities; IAVA Issue Brief No. 1, pp. 4-5. New Delhi: India Armed Violence Assessment / IAVA and the Small Arms Survey, Geneva. 20 September
Terrorism and Insurgency in Kashmir
Beginning in 1989, foreign insurgents, including veterans from wars in Afghanistan, infiltrated Kashmir from Pakistan. These incursions, coupled with an escalation of public uprisings, marked the bloodiest period of militancy in Kashmir (Acharya, 2004, p. 55).
Since then these militant groups have engaged Indian security forces in a protracted conflict which has cost at least 42,657 lives, according to official data, and more than 80,000 according to other sources (SATP, 2010; Mishra, 2010). This is an average of at least 1,900 deaths per year between 1988 and 2009 - and possibly twice as many (see Figure 3).
[SATP = South Asia Terrorism Portal]