Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Russia. 1996 ‘Smuggling.’ Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, No.63-FZ of June 13, 1996 (with Amendments and Addenda to December 2004); Chapter 22 (Article 188). Moscow: President of the Russian Federation. 13 June
Article 188. Smuggling
2. The movement across the Customs border of the Russian Federation of narcotics, psychotropic substances, potent, poisonous and radioactive substances, toxic agents, explosives, sources of radiation, nuclear materials, firearms, explosive devices, ammunition, weapons of mass destruction, means of delivery thereof, other armaments and other military hardware, as well as of materials and equipment, which can be used in the development of weapons of mass destruction and means of delivery thereof, of other armaments and other military hardware, in respect of which special rules for the movement across the Customs border of the Russian Federation have been introduced, or strategic raw materials, or items of cultural value, in respect of which special rules for the movement across the Customs border of the Russian Federation have been established, if this deed has been committed without the knowledge of Customs control officers or with the concealment of these objects, or with deceptive use of documents or means of Customs identification, or attended by non-declaration or misleading declaration,
shall be punishable by deprivation of liberty for a term of three to seven years, with or without a fine in the amount of up to one million roubles or in the amount of the wage or salary, or any other income of the convicted person for a period of up to five years.