Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Parker, Sarah. 2011 ‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security; Chapter 9, p. 293. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 6 July
Carrying in Public
Some jurisdictions have imposed an absolute prohibition on the carrying of firearms in public places by civilians, such as Brazil and the Russian Federation, though exceptions are made for private security guards, hunters, and sport shooters.
Others permit the carrying of weapons, provided the carrier has reasonable grounds for carrying the weapon and the weapon is unloaded, as in Finland, or has obtained a permit or special (one-off) permission to carry, as in Croatia, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, New Zealand - for pistols and restricted firearms - and Switzerland.