Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Turkey. 2008 ‘Marking, Record-keeping and Tracing of SALW.’ National Report of Turkey on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA); Section 2, p. 4. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Turkey to the United Nations. 1 April
2. Marking, Record-keeping and Tracing of SALW
According to Law no.5201 on "the Control of Industrial Enterprises Producing Vehicles and Equipment of War and Arms, Ammunition and Explosive Material", marking of SALW is subject to the control of the Ministry of National Defence.
In order to implement the relevant provisions of the OSCE SALW Document, the Ministry of National Defence has prepared and circulated a regulation regarding the marking standards to relevant goverment agencies and national arms manufacturers. According to this regulation, in line with the OSCE Document, all SALW produced in Turkey after 30 June 2001 are marked at the point of manufacture to enable each SALW to be traced. The marking is placed on the small arm in such a way as to be seen easily on the bolt mechanism and frame or on the barrel, bolt mechanism and frame, depending on the type of the barrel. It includes "T" sign for Turkey, manufacturer's logo, which is provided by the Ministry of National Defence for each manufacturer, production year and serial
number. All these marks are permanent. Furthermore, a production code is issued by the Ministry of National Defence for each manufacturer. Companies need to apply to the Ministry in order to obtain these production codes.
The last two digits of the production year are marked on the weapon. for example, "01" for 2001 and "04" for 2004 is used. Serial number is accorded by the producer for each SALW respectively. Different serial numbers are given for each type of weapon produced by the same company. Before numbers, A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, R, S, T, U, V, Y, Z letters are used. Numbers start from 00001 and ends with 99999. After serial number A99999, 800001 is issued.
Marking is made 0.2-0.3 mm in depth by using pantograph, press or laser print, to be seen easily.
In case of seized or confiscated but unmarked small arms, the govemment agency which carried out the seizure or confiscation will mark the weapons with its unique sign. Date of seizure or confiscation will be marked instead of manufacturing date.
The OSCE Document obliges the participating States to destroy any unmarked SALW
discovered in their current stockpiles or to mark them if they will be used or exported. This measure is also carried out by the Ministry of National Defence. Procedures for the marking of unmarked arms are specified, in detail, in the "Directive on Confiscation of Personal Arms" based on Law no.6136 on "Fire Arms, Knives and Other Equipment".
National legal procedures are in effect within the territory of Turkey. There is no SALW currently produced under license outside the national territory.
Information related to markings is kept on computer databases. Such data of firms which have SALW production licence in line with Law no.5201 are periodically checked by the Ministry of National Defence.
[SALW = Small Arms and Light Weapons]