Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Petrini, Benjamin. 2011 ‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008. Washington, DC: Social Development Department, World Bank. 10 February
World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008
Sub-Saharan Africa, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population
The present dataset includes data on the total recorded intentional homicide rate per 100,000 population per year (from 1995 to 2008) for all the countries in this region.
A premise to this dataset is that for many countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, data is flawed and distorted.
Two phenomena coexist: first, African countries suffer from weak capacity to collect data on violence (both police and criminal justice sector, and public health insitutions); second, by cross-checking official data with crime victimization surveys, it is noted that findings are strongly divergent, which makes us assume that there are high levels of under-reporting in this region with respect to other regions. Thus, homicide rate data in Sub-Saharan Africa has to be taken with caution especially for those cases where a country homicide rate is an outlier from its predicted rate based on other crime information sources, or based on its own previous years.
In particular, data for the following countries need to be taken cautiously: Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sierra Leone.