Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Dreyfus, Pablo, and Marcelo de Sousa Nascimento. 2010 ‘Informal and Criminal Holdings.’ Small Arms in Brazil: Production, Trade, and Holdings; Special Report No. 11 (Chapter 2), pp. 100-102. Geneva: Viva Rio, ISER, and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva. 1 September
Informal and Criminal Holdings
Informal and criminal holdings are the most difficult to estimate.
There are no official records of illicit small arms holdings; that is, unregistered weapons possessed by individuals or companies.
Some of these weapons are used by criminals to carry out illegal activities.
For the purposes of this report, unregistered firearms that are not in the hands of criminals are referred to as 'informal holdings'; illicit firearms that are in the hands of criminals make up 'criminal holdings'…
Informal holdings = 4,243,768
Criminal holdings = 5,256,079