Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Cook, Philip J, Wendy Cukier and Keith Krause. 2009 ‘Cross - Border Firearms Trafficking in North America: Canada.’ The Illicit Firearms Trade in North America; 9 (3), p. 273. London: Criminology & Criminal Justice. 1 August
Cross - border firearms trafficking in North America: Canada
The best statistical description of sources of crime guns in Canada comes from a systematic tabulation of the characteristics of firearms recovered by the police in Toronto in 2006. Details were available on 1528 recovered guns. Of those, 832 were connected to criminal activity. The most common of the recovered crime guns (39%) were restricted weapons (handguns) - the rest were either rifles and shotguns (29%) or air pistols, toys and starter pistols (27%).
Although most of the rifles and shotguns were not registered or traced, there is little evidence that long guns are targets of smugglers, since they are widely available from Canadian dealers.
The supply of legal handguns is significantly more restricted. Of the 327 handguns recovered in crime by the Toronto Police Service in 2006, only 181 were traced successfully to their first retail sale. Of those, 120 (two-thirds) were traced to the United States.