Citation(s) from the literature library

Buchanan, Cate, Mireille Widmer et al. 2008 ‘The UN Firearms Protocol.’ Missing Pieces: A Guide for Reducing Gun Violence Through Parliamentary Action; Annex 3, p. 162. Geneva: Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue. 19 November

Relevant contents

The UN Firearms Protocol

The UN Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, also known as the 'Vienna Protocol' or the 'Firearms Protocol', was adopted by the General Assembly on 31 May 2001.

On 25 April 2005 the UN Office on Drugs and Crime announced that the necessary 40 ratifications had been recorded for it to enter into force.

The Firearms Protocol's entry into force is an important step forward for greater regulation and accountability of the small arms trade, yet more is required to fully tackle both the legal and practical challenges associated with the arms trade.

States that have not signed or ratified the Protocol should do so, to demonstrate widespread support for its principles and enhance the harmonisation of rules at the global level. A list of ratifications is available and regularly updated at

ID: Q1937

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