Citation(s) from the GunPolicy.org literature library
Japan. 2010 ‘Outline of National Criminal Offences Relating to Illicit SALW - Firearms and Swords Control Law.’ National Report of Japan on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA); Chapter 3, pp. 11-12. New York, NY: Permanent Mission of Japan to the United Nations. 1 January
Outline of National Criminal Offences Relating to Illicit SALW.
Firearms and Swords Control Law:
The Law (promulgated on March 10, 1958, Law No.6) aims to regulate the possession and usage of firearms and swords (Article 1).
In this Law, the "firearms" are defined as handguns, military rifles, machine guns, guns, hunting guns, any other firearms charged with gunpowder, and air guns (those which use the compressed gas to expel a bullet with kinetic energy higher than a level set by Cabinet decree concerned) (Article 2-1).
Possession of a firearm or firearms or a sword or swords is prohibited, in principle (Article 3-1).
Import of handguns, military rifles, machine guns and guns is prohibited, in principle (Article 3-4).
Import of firearms in violation of Article 3-4 is liable to penalties of 3 years or more imprisonment. Import for profit is liable to penalties of life imprisonment or 5 years or more imprisonment, or life imprisonment or 5 years or more imprisonment and a fine of up to 30 million yen (Article 31-2).
Violation of possession of firearms (Article 3-1) is liable to penalties of 1 year or more imprisonment of up to 15 years. When violation of carrying, transport or stockpile together with live ammunition or metallic bullets for the handgun is committed, it is liable to penalties of 3 years or more imprisonment. When violation of import, possession or carrying or stockpile with live ammunition is organizationally committed, it is liable to penalties of 1 year or more imprisonment or a fine of up to 30 million yen, or both (Article 31-3).
[SALW = small arms and light weapons]