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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:


pdf Pacific Lives Up to Its Name with Disarming Success

By 2398 downloads

By Consensus, a Sprawling World Region
Rejects Guns

The Conversation, 27 February and Newsweek, 10 March 2015.
By Philip Alpers

Nations of Oceania have largely avoided, and at times even reversed the steady proliferation of firearms and death by gunshot.

pdf Targeting Only 'Illegal Guns' Won't Stop Gun Injury

By 3535 downloads

All Illegal Guns Came from a Lawful Owner

The Star (Johannesburg/Gauteng); The Mercury (Durban); Pretoria News;
IOL News/Independent Online, South Africa, 14 November 2014
By Philip Alpers

Targeting just “illegal guns” to curb the firearm death toll in South Africa is akin to focussing only on “illegal cars” to reduce the road toll.


pdf Alpers JHU Ch16 The Big Melt

By 4465 downloads

The Big Melt - One Million Guns Destroyed

How One Democracy Changed After
Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms

Australia's massive experiment in gun control saw a million firearms, or one third of the nation's private arsenal destroyed, then a million new, but different guns imported. Sixteen years after firearm laws were tightened, gun homicide remains 50-60% lower, and the nation has not seen another mass shooting.

Alpers, Philip. 2013. The Big Melt: How One Democracy Changed after Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms
In: Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis, edited by
Daniel W Webster and Jon S Vernick. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

pdf Gun Control in Australia - Change is Possible, and Fast

By 3526 downloads

Gun Control in Australia - CNN OpEd

Change is Possible - and Fast

CNN International, 17 December 2012
By Philip Alpers

In Australia, one massacre turned the tide in favor of gun control. Nationwide gun law reform was announced just 12 days after the shootings. The risk of dying by gunshot in Australia quickly fell by more than 50% -- and stayed there.

pdf Krouse CRS USA Gun Control Legislation

By 2311 downloads

How Many Guns Are in the United States?

United States Congressional Research Service
By William J Krouse

By 2009, the estimated total number of firearms available to civilians in the United States had increased to approximately 310 million.

document Report to the UNODC-INEGI Center of Excellence

By 2783 downloads

Guns in Latin America and the Caribbean

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime and Mexico's National Institute of Statistics and Geography
By Aaron Karp

In 27 countries across the Caribbean and Latin America, 53.5 million firearms are in the hands of civilians, while another 9.1 million are held by the state.

document UN MGE Measurability and Implementation

By 3487 downloads

Measurability and Implementation

Country-by-country comparions of marking, tracing, record-keeping and other norms

Meeting of Governmental Experts on the Implementation of the Programme of Action on small arms and light weapons (UNPoA MGE) at the United Nations in New York, 9-13 May 2011.

document UN MGE MTR Reported Implementation

By 3326 downloads

Marking, Tracing and Record-keeping

Reported Implementation to Date

Published United Nations small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) and International Tracing Instrument (ITI) national reports, along with small arms legislation analysed from 73 UN Member States, provide preliminary marking and tracing implementation totals.

document Bingham on Alpers New Zealand NZH Staunch in the Line of Fire DOC

By 643 downloads

Staunch in the Line of Fire

Working for gun control is a great way to become the target of bitter attacks
(text only)

A partial answer to those who attempt to discredit Philip Alpers by questioning his qualifications.

New Zealand Herald
16 December 2006
By Eugene Bingham

pdf Bingham on Alpers New Zealand NZH Staunch in the Line of Fire PDF

By 439 downloads

Staunch in the Line of Fire

Working for gun control is a great way to become the target of bitter attacks
(text & pix)

A partial answer to those who attempt to discredit Philip Alpers by questioning his qualifications.

New Zealand Herald
16 December 2006
By Eugene Bingham

spreadsheet Global Civilian Small Arms Stockpiles

By 2466 downloads

Counting Privately Owned Guns

In the hard copy version of the Small Arms Survey yearbook 'Guns and the City' (Cambridge University Press 2007), Aaron Karp's Chapter 2 'Completing the Count: Civilian firearms' contains several references to Annexes 1-5. In the printed version at page 67, readers are referred to 'Annexes Online' at a web link since broken. As the author's data tables in support of this chapter seem unavailable online, and in the interests of transparency, offers a compressed version of Appendices 1-5.

spreadsheet Global Military and Law Enforcement Firearm Stockpiles

By 2155 downloads

Guns Held By Armed Forces and Police

In the hard copy version of the Small Arms Survey yearbook 'Unfinished Business' (Oxford University Press 2006), Aaron Karp's Chapter 2 'Trickle and Torrent: State Stockpiles' contains several references to Appendix I and II. In the printed version at page 61, Endnote 1 reads: Appendices 1 and 2 are available at

For several years, Karp's appendices were not displayed at this URL. As at January 2013, Endnote 1 had also been removed from the online version of Chapter 2 displayed on the Small Arms Survey web site. In the interests of transparency, offers a compressed version of both Appendix I and II.

pdf Warner NCGC 2006 Australia Firearm Legislation a Decade After the NFA

By 1 download

Firearms Legislation in Australia

A Decade After the Nationwide Agreement

Warner, Kate and Simon Sherwood: A 10-year review of firearm legislation in all Australian States and Territories to gauge compliance with the 1996 National Firearms Agreement. Commissioned by the National Coalition for Gun Control.

Canberra, July 2006.

pdf Pacific Islands Forum Nadi Weapons Control Bill and Notes

By 3954 downloads

A Model Weapons Bill for Oceania

Since 1996, the sixteen member states of the Pacific Islands Forum have worked to develop a common regional approach to weapon control.
For details, see Pacific Model Legislation.
This download includes the PIF 2010 Revision of the Bill.

pdf Gun Violence, Crime and Politics in the Southern Highlands

By 4973 downloads

Community Interviews and a Guide to Small Arms in Papua New Guinea

Alpers, Philip. Background paper for Gun-running in Papua New Guinea: From Arrows to Assault Weapons in the Southern Highlands.

Geneva: Small Arms Survey, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. June, 2005.

spreadsheet NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005

By 1912 downloads

Global Gun Deaths

Unpublished, undated 'Global Gun Deaths' dataset prepared by the Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers (NISAT) for the Norwegian Church Aid
report 'Who Takes The Bullet?: The impact of small arms violence' (2005).

In late 2008, NISAT advised that the 2005 dataset had not been updated since.

pdf Iootty Viva Rio Brazil Gun Law Translation PDF

By 671 downloads

Brazil Statute of Disarmament Law No. 10.826/03

Final Wording of the Alternative Bill of the House of Representatives for Bill of Law No. 292 of 1999 of the Brazilian Senate, aka the Disarmament Statute.
Unofficial translation by Carolina Iootty, Viva Rio, Rio de Janeiro, 2003. 

pdf Small Arms Control in the Black Sea Region

By 3413 downloads

A Regional Assessment of Small Arms Control Initiatives in Eastern Eurasia

Bulgaria, Moldova, Romania, Turkey and Ukraine. Grillot, Suzette R. Monitoring the Implementation of Small Arms Controls Project (MISAC); Eurasia Series No. 2. London: International Alert. December, 2003.

pdf Regulating Weapons in the Pacific: The 'Nadi Framework'

By 3796 downloads

Developing a Common Approach to Gun Control Legislation in Oceania

A precursor to the Draft Model Weapons Control Bill approved at the Pacific Islands Forum in August, 2003 as the basis for regional model small arms regulation. See also Pacific Model Legislation.

pdf Reconsidering Small Arms in the Solomon Islands - Findings

By 3866 downloads

Reconsidering Guns in the Solomon Islands

Small Arms Survey policy briefing

There were an estimated 1,010-1,270 illegal high powered and commercial firearms in the Solomon Islands – considerably more than the 500-700 commonly reported. The people of these islands, now gun-free by law, destroyed more firearms than the nation knew it had.

Robert Muggah and Philip Alpers. Geneva: Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. Working Paper, August 2003.