Trouvez des Faits

Prévention de la violence armée, lois sur le contrôle des armes à feu et commerce des armes légères :

Australie — Faits, chiffres et lois sur les armes à feu



La législation fédérale en matière d'armes à feu est limitée: chaque état a sa propre loi sur les armes à feu. Pour les comparaisons des états et territoires, veuillez choisir dans le menu 'Sélectionnez'.

StocksNombres d'armes à feu

Armes civiles

Nombre d'armes à feu possédées par les civils

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre total d'armes à feu (tant licites qu'illicites) possédées par les civils est estimé à

2016: 3 150 0001 2 3
2012: 3 010 0004 3
2011: 2 960 0005 4 3
2010: 2 943 3636 3 7
2007: 2 750 000
2006: 2 918 454
2005: 3 050 0008
1997: 2 500 0009
1996: 3 200 000
1988: 3 500 00010
1975: 2 055 00011

Taux de possession d'armes à feu chez les civils pour 100 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux d'armes à feu possédées par les civils (tant licites qu'illicites) pour 100 habitants est estimé à

2016: 13,7012
2012: 13,67
2011: 13,60
2010: 13,6812 13 7
2007: 13,25
2006: 14,24
2005: 15,08
1997: 13,5812
1996: 17,59
1988: 21,34
1975: 14,92

Nombre d'armes de poing possédées par les civils

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre d'armes de poing possédées par les civils est de

2010: 120 79014
2006: 172 42215
2005: 192 00016

Nombre d'armes à feu possédées par les civils – Classement mondial

Selon le classement, fait en 2007, de 178 pays en fonction du nombre d'armes à feu possédées par les civils, l'Australie est classée n°2517

Taux de possession d'armes à feu chez les civils pour 100 habitants – Classement mondial

Selon le classement, fait en 2007, de 178 pays en fonction du taux d'armes à feu possédées par les civils, l'Australie est classée n°428

Pourcentage de ménages possédant des armes à feu

GraphiqueAustralie: le pourcentage de ménages possédant une ou plusieurs armes à feu est de

2005: 6.2%18
2003: 8.7%18
2000: 8%19
1994: 16.0%18
1992: 15.1%20
1989: 20.1%18 21
1988: 25%22
1979: 20%10

Pourcentage de ménages possédant des fusils

Australie: le pourcentage de ménages possédant un ou plusieurs fusils est de

1992: 12.5%20

Pourcentage de ménages possédant des fusils de chasse

Australie: le pourcentage de ménages possédant un ou plusieurs fusils de chasse est de

1992: 6.9%20

Pourcentage de ménages possédant des armes de poing

GraphiqueAustralie: le pourcentage de ménages possédant une ou plusieurs armes de poing est de

2005: 0.3%18
2003: 1.1%
1994: 1.6%18 20
1989: 1.6%18

Nombre de propriétaires d'armes à feu possédant une licence

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre de propriétaires d'armes à feu possédant une licence est de

2016: 816 0001
2012: 730 0004 23
2011: 734 0001
2010: 873 62524
2007: 731 56716
2006: 478 32625 26
2001: 764 51827 28 16 26
1997: 1 200 00029
1989: 2 381 00021

Taux de propriétaires d'armes à feu possédant licence pour 100 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux de propriétaires d'armes à feu possédant une licence pour 100 habitants est de

2016: 3,5512
2012: 3,32
2011: 3,37
2010: 4,06
2007: 3,53
2006: 2,36
2001: 3,96
1997: 6,52
1989: 14,27

Nombre d'armes à feu enregistrées

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre d'armes à feu enregistrées est de

2016: 2 890 0001 30
2012: 2 750 0004 23
2011: 2 700 0005 1 31 32
2010: 2 675 78524
2007: 2 500 00016
2006: 2 653 14025 26
2001: 2 165 17027 28 16 26
1997: 2 500 00029 9
1996: 3 200 00026
1989: 4 000 00021
1975: 1 354 700 33

Taux d'armes à feu enregistrées pour 100 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux d'armes à feu enregistrées pour 100 habitants est de

2016: 12,5712
2012: 12,49
2011: 12,40
2010: 12,44
2007: 12,05
2006: 12,95
2001: 11,22
1997: 13,58
1996: 17,59
1989: 23,98
1975: 9,84

Estimation du nombre d'armes à feu illicites

GraphiqueLes armes à feu illicites ne peuvent pas être comptabilisées, mais en Australie on estime qu'il y en a

2016: 260 0002
2012: 260 0004
2011: 260 0004 34
2010: 267 5796 35 7
2007: 250 000
2006: 265 314

Estimation du taux d'armes à feu illicites pour 100 habitants

GraphiqueLes armes à feu illicites ne peuvent pas être comptabilisées, mais en Australie on estime le taux d'armes à feu illicites pour 100 habitants à

2016: 1,1312
2012: 1,18
2011: 1,19
2010: 1,24
2007: 1,20
2006: 1,29

Armes gouvernementales

Nombre d'armes militaires

Australie: Les forces de défense disposeraient de 113 00036 armes à feu

Armement systématique de la police

Australie: les agents de police en patrouille de routine portent une ou plusieurs armes à feu37

Nombre d'armes à feu appartenant aux forces de l'ordre

Australie: la police disposerait de 61 21138 armes à feu

ImpactsDécès et blessures

Nombre total de décès par arme à feu

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de décès par arme à feu est de

2016: 23839
2015: 218
2014: 239
2013: 210
2012: 231
2011: 190
2010: 241
2009: 230
2008: 235
2007: 237
2006: 245
2005: 221
2004: 243
2003: 28939 40
2002: 292
2001: 326
2000: 32440
1999: 347
1998: 312
1997: 428
1996: 516
1995: 470
1994: 516
1993: 513
1992: 608
1991: 618
1990: 595
1989: 549
1988: 674
1987: 694
1986: 677
1985: 682
1984: 675
1983: 644
1982: 689
1981: 618
1980: 687
1979: 685

Taux de décès par arme à feu pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de décès par arme à feu pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 1,0441
2015: 0,96
2014: 1,06
2013: 0,94
2012: 1,05
2011: 0,87
2010: 1,12
2009: 1,08
2008: 1,12
2007: 1,14
2006: 1,20
2005: 1,09
2004: 1,22
2003: 1,46
2002: 1,49
2001: 1,69
2000: 1,70
1999: 1,84
1998: 1,68
1997: 2,32
1996: 2,84
1995: 2,61
1994: 2,90
1993: 2,91
1992: 3,49
1991: 3,59
1990: 3,51
1989: 3,29
1988: 4,11
1987: 4,30
1986: 4,26
1985: 4,35
1984: 4,35
1983: 4,20
1982: 4,54
1981: 4,14
1980: 4,70
1979: 3,29

Homicides (tous modes opératoires confondus)

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel d'homicides, quel que soit le mode opératoire, est de

2016: 24442
2015: 265
2014: 235
2013: 227
2012: 28542 43 44
2011: 24342 45 43 44 46 47
2010: 25842 45 48 49 44 46
2009: 272
2008: 25142 45 48 49 44 46
2007: 216
2006: 256
2005: 199
2004: 164
2003: 27845 48 49 44 46
2002: 291
2001: 30048 49 44 46
1999: 34149 46
1998: 312
1997: 319
1996: 358
1995: 342
1994: 34249
1993: 360
1992: 331
1991: 351
1990: 331

Taux d'homicides pour 100 000 habitants (tous modes opératoires confondus)

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel d'homicides pour 100 000 habitants, quel que soit le mode opératoire, est de

2016: 1,0650
2015: 1,16
2014: 1,04
2013: 1,02
2012: 1,2950 44
2011: 1,1250 44 46 47
2010: 1,2050 44 46
2009: 1,28
2008: 1,19
2007: 1,04
2006: 1,25
2005: 0,98
2004: 0,82
2003: 1,41
2002: 1,49
2001: 1,55
2000: 1,78
1999: 1,8150 46
1998: 1,68
1997: 1,73
1996: 1,97
1995: 1,90
1994: 1,9250
1993: 2,04
1992: 1,90
1991: 2,04
1990: 1,95

Homicides par arme à feu

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel d'homicides par arme à feu est de

2016: 4242
2015: 27
2014: 31
2013: 35
2012: 4242 51 44
2011: 3242 45 51 44
2010: 3942 45 48 52 44
2009: 3742 45 48 53 44 46
2008: 2742 45 48 44 46
2007: 2642 45 48 44 46 54
2006: 4142 45 48 44 46
2005: 1942 45 48 44 46 55
2004: 1742 45 48 46
2003: 5445 48 56 40 46
2002: 4545 48 56 40 46
2001: 4748 56 40 46
2000: 5756 40 46
1999: 50
1998: 57
1997: 79
1996: 104
1995: 67
1994: 7656 40
1993: 64
1992: 96
1991: 84
1990: 79
1989: 80
1988: 123

Taux d'homicides par arme à feu pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel d'homicides par arme à feu pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,1850
2015: 0,12
2014: 0,14
2013: 0,16
2012: 0,19
2011: 0,15
2010: 0,18
2009: 0,1750 46
2008: 0,13
2007: 0,13
2006: 0,20
2005: 0,09
2004: 0,09
2003: 0,2750 56 46
2002: 0,23
2001: 0,24
2000: 0,3056 46
1999: 0,26
1998: 0,30
1997: 0,43
1996: 0,57
1995: 0,37
1994: 0,4356
1993: 0,36
1992: 0,55
1991: 0,49
1990: 0,46
1989: 0,48
1988: 0,74

Pourcentage d'homicides commis avec une arme à feu

GraphiqueAustralie: le pourcentage d'homicides commis avec une arme à feu est estimé à

2012: 16%57 44
2011: 12%57 44 47
2010: 12%57 44
2009: 13%57 44
2008: 12%
2007: 9%
2006: 14%
2005: 15%
2004: 17%57
2003: 15%
2002: 14%
2001: 21%57 44
2000: 20%57 46
1999: 18%
1998: 21%
1997: 22%
1996: 22%
1995: 25%
1994: 19%57
1993: 25%
1992: 20%
1991: 21%
1990: 25%

Homicides par arme de poing

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel d'homicides par arme de poing est de

2016: 542
2015: 1
2014: 4
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 642 45
2010: 642 45 48
2009: 9
2008: 7
2007: 1
2006: 14
2005: 442
2004: 2
2003: 645 48
2002: 12
2001: 1348

Taux d'homicides par arme de poing pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel d'homicides par arme de poing pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0250
2015: 0,00
2014: 0,02
2013: 0,01
2012: 0,02
2011: 0,03
2010: 0,03
2009: 0,04
2008: 0,03
2007: 0,00
2006: 0,07
2005: 0,02
2004: 0,01
2003: 0,03
2002: 0,06
2001: 0,07

Homicides par arme d'épaule

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel d'homicides par arme d'épaule est de

2016: 2142
2015: 13
2014: 19
2013: 11
2012: 14
2011: 1742 45
2010: 2242 45 48
2009: 18
2008: 11
2007: 14
2006: 15
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 2445 48
2002: 20
2001: 1048

Taux d'homicides par arme d'épaule pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel d'homicides par arme d'épaule pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0950
2015: 0,06
2014: 0,08
2013: 0,05
2012: 0,06
2011: 0,08
2010: 0,10
2009: 0,08
2008: 0,05
2007: 0,07
2006: 0,07
2005: 0,05
2004: 0,03
2003: 0,12
2002: 0,10
2001: 0,05

Homicides par arme à feu (autres)

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel d'homicides par arme à feu (type d’arme à feu non défini ou différent) est de

2016: 1642
2015: 13
2014: 8
2013: 21
2012: 24
2011: 942 45
2010: 1142 45 48
2009: 1042 45 48
2008: 9
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 5
2004: 10
2003: 2445 48
2002: 13
2001: 2448

Taux d'homicides par arme à feu (autres) pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel d'homicides par arme à feu (type d’arme à feu non défini ou différent) pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0750
2015: 0,06
2014: 0,04
2013: 0,09
2012: 0,11
2011: 0,04
2010: 0,05
2009: 0,05
2008: 0,04
2007: 0,05
2006: 0,06
2005: 0,02
2004: 0,05
2003: 0,12
2002: 0,07
2001: 0,12

Suicides (tous modes opératoires confondus)

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de suicides, quel que soit le mode opératoire, est de

2016: 2 86258
2015: 3 027
2014: 2 861
2013: 2 568
2012: 2 580
2011: 2 39258 59
2010: 2 47858 59 60
2009: 2 335
2008: 2 340
2007: 2 227
2006: 2 118
2005: 2 101
2004: 2 098
2003: 2 21359 60 56
2002: 2 320
2001: 2 45460 56
2000: 2 36356
1999: 2 492
1998: 2 683
1997: 2 720
1996: 2 393
1995: 2 368
1994: 2 258
1993: 2 081
1992: 2 294
1991: 2 360
1990: 2 161
1989: 2 096
1988: 2 197

Taux de suicides pour 100 000 habitants (tous modes opératoires confondus)

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de suicides pour 100 000 habitants, quel que soit le mode opératoire, est de

2016: 12,4550
2015: 13,30
2014: 12,71
2013: 11,54
2012: 11,72
2011: 10,99
2010: 11,52
2009: 10,98
2008: 11,14
2007: 10,73
2006: 10,34
2005: 10,38
2004: 10,49
2003: 11,2050 56
2002: 11,88
2001: 12,72
2000: 12,3456
1999: 13,17
1998: 14,34
1997: 14,69
1996: 13,07
1995: 13,10
1994: 12,65
1993: 11,78
1992: 13,11
1991: 13,65
1990: 12,66
1989: 12,47
1988: 13,29

Suicides par arme à feu

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de suicides par arme à feu est de

2016: 18358
2015: 177
2014: 178
2013: 166
2012: 177
2011: 14458 59
2010: 17158 59 60
2009: 174
2008: 183
2007: 190
2006: 181
2005: 147
2004: 167
2003: 19359 60 56 40
2002: 217
2001: 26160 56 40
2000: 22256 40
1999: 269
1998: 235
1997: 329
1996: 382
1995: 388
1994: 420
1993: 431
1992: 488
1991: 505
1990: 486
1989: 450
1988: 521

Taux de suicides par arme à feu pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de suicides par arme à feu pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,8050
2015: 0,78
2014: 0,79
2013: 0,76
2012: 0,80
2011: 0,66
2010: 0,79
2009: 0,82
2008: 0,87
2007: 0,92
2006: 0,88
2005: 0,73
2004: 0,84
2003: 0,9850 56
2002: 1,11
2001: 1,35
2000: 1,1656
1999: 1,42
1998: 1,26
1997: 1,78
1996: 2,09
1995: 2,15
1994: 2,35
1993: 2,44
1992: 2,79
1991: 2,92
1990: 2,85
1989: 2,68
1988: 3,15

Suicides par arme de poing

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de suicides par arme de poing est de

2016: 1858
2015: 17
2014: 17
2013: 23
2012: 12
2011: 1758 59
2010: 1858 59 60
2009: 17
2008: 25
2007: 15
2006: 15
2005: 14
2004: 13
2003: 2559 60
2002: 24
2001: 3460

Taux de suicides par arme de poing pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de suicides par arme de poing pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0850
2015: 0,07
2014: 0,08
2013: 0,10
2012: 0,05
2011: 0,08
2010: 0,08
2009: 0,08
2008: 0,12
2007: 0,07
2006: 0,07
2005: 0,07
2004: 0,07
2003: 0,13
2002: 0,12
2001: 0,18

Suicides par arme d'épaule

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de suicides par arme d'épaule est de

2016: 15758
2015: 137
2014: 128
2013: 131
2012: 135
2011: 11658 59
2010: 14158 59 60
2009: 139
2008: 140
2007: 146
2006: 150
2005: 127
2004: 99
2003: 13359 60
2002: 165
2001: 17360

Taux de suicides par arme d'épaule pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de suicides par arme d'épaule pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,6850
2015: 0,60
2014: 0,57
2013: 0,59
2012: 0,61
2011: 0,53
2010: 0,66
2009: 0,65
2008: 0,67
2007: 0,70
2006: 0,73
2005: 0,63
2004: 0,50
2003: 0,67
2002: 0,84
2001: 0,90

Suicides par arme à feu (autres)

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de suicides par arme à feu (type d’arme à feu non défini ou différent) est de

2016: 858
2015: 23
2014: 33
2013: 12
2012: 30
2011: 1158 59
2010: 1258 59 60
2009: 18
2008: 18
2007: 29
2006: 16
2005: 6
2004: 55
2003: 3559 60
2002: 28
2001: 5460

Taux de suicides par arme à feu (autres) pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de suicides par arme à feu (type d’arme à feu non défini ou différent) pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0350
2015: 0,10
2014: 0,15
2013: 0,05
2012: 0,14
2011: 0,05
2010: 0,06
2009: 0,08
2008: 0,09
2007: 0,14
2006: 0,08
2005: 0,03
2004: 0,28
2003: 0,18
2002: 0,14
2001: 0,28

Décès accidentels par arme à feu

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de décès accidentels par arme à feu est de

2016: 561
2015: 3
2014: 3
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 761 62
2010: 1161 62 63
2009: 7
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 8
2005: 50
2004: 54
2003: 4062 63 56 40
2002: 30
2001: 18
2000: 4556 40
1999: 28
1998: 22
1997: 19
1996: 30
1995: 15
1994: 20
1993: 18
1992: 24
1991: 29
1990: 30
1989: 19
1988: 30

Taux de décès accidentels par arme à feu pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de décès accidentels par arme à feu pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0250
2015: 0,01
2014: 0,01
2013: 0,01
2012: 0,01
2011: 0,03
2010: 0,05
2009: 0,03
2008: 0,02
2007: 0,02
2006: 0,04
2005: 0,25
2004: 0,27
2003: 0,2050 56
2002: 0,15
2001: 0,09
2000: 0,2356
1999: 0,15
1998: 0,12
1997: 0,10
1996: 0,16
1995: 0,08
1994: 0,11
1993: 0,10
1992: 0,14
1991: 0,17
1990: 0,18
1989: 0,11
1988: 0,18

Décès accidentels par arme de poing

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de décès accidentels par arme de poing est de

2016: 061
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 061 62
2010: 161 62 63
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 061
2004: 2
2003: 362 63

Taux de décès accidentels par arme de poing pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de décès accidentels par arme de poing pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0050
2015: 0,00
2014: 0,00
2013: 0,00
2012: 0,00
2011: 0,00
2010: 0,00
2009: 0,00
2008: 0,00
2007: 0,00
2006: 0,00
2005: 0,00
2004: 0,01
2003: 0,02

Décès accidentels par arme d'épaule

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de décès accidentels par arme d'épaule est de

2016: 561
2015: 3
2014: 3
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 761 62
2010: 961 62 63
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 3
2004: 8
2003: 1162 63
2002: 10
2001: 663

Taux de décès accidentels par arme d'épaule pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de décès accidentels par arme d'épaule pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0250
2015: 0,01
2014: 0,01
2013: 0,00
2012: 0,01
2011: 0,03
2010: 0,04
2009: 0,02
2008: 0,01
2007: 0,01
2006: 0,03
2005: 0,01
2004: 0,04
2003: 0,06
2002: 0,05
2001: 0,03

Décès accidentels par arme à feu (autres)

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de décès accidentels par arme à feu (type d’arme à feu non défini ou différent) est de

2016: 061
2015: 0
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 061 62
2010: 161 62 63
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 47
2004: 44
2003: 2662 63
2002: 20
2001: 1263

Taux de décès accidentels par arme à feu (autres) pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de décès accidentels par arme à feu (type d’arme à feu non défini ou différent) pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0050
2015: 0,00
2014: 0,00
2013: 0,00
2012: 0,00
2011: 0,00
2010: 0,00
2009: 0,01
2008: 0,00
2007: 0,00
2006: 0,00
2005: 0,23
2004: 0,22
2003: 0,13
2002: 0,10
2001: 0,06

Décès par arme à feu de cause indéterminée

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de décès par arme à feu de cause indéterminée est de

2016: 264
2015: 4
2014: 18
2013: 4
2012: 4
2011: 564 65
2010: 1164 65 66
2009: 8
2008: 16
2007: 11
2006: 12
2005: 464
2004: 3
2003: 256
2002: 0
1999: 267
1998: 856
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 3
1994: 6
1993: 6
1992: 7
1991: 5
1990: 15
1989: 13
1988: 17

Taux de décès par arme à feu de cause indéterminée pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de décès par arme à feu de cause indéterminée pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0150
2015: 0,02
2014: 0,08
2013: 0,02
2012: 0,02
2011: 0,02
2010: 0,05
2009: 0,04
2008: 0,08
2007: 0,05
2006: 0,06
2005: 0,02
2004: 0,02
2003: 0,0156
2002: 0,00
1999: 0,0167
1998: 0,0456
1997: 0,02
1996: 0,03
1995: 0,02
1994: 0,03
1993: 0,03
1992: 0,04
1991: 0,03
1990: 0,09
1989: 0,08
1988: 0,10

Décès par arme de poing de cause indéterminée

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de décès par arme de poing de cause indéterminée est de

2016: 164
2015: 0
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 064 65
2010: 264 65 66
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 264
2004: 0

Taux de décès par arme de poing de cause indéterminée pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de décès par arme de poing de cause indéterminée pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0050
2015: 0,00
2014: 0,00
2013: 0,00
2012: 0,00
2011: 0,00
2010: 0,01
2009: 0,00
2008: 0,00
2007: 0,00
2006: 0,00
2005: 0,01
2004: 0,00

Décès par arme d'épaule de cause indéterminée

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de décès par arme d'épaule de cause indéterminée est de

2016: 064
2015: 2
2014: 7
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 464 65
2010: 264 65 66
2009: 1
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 264
2004: 2

Taux de décès par arme d'épaule de cause indéterminée pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de décès par arme d'épaule de cause indéterminée pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0050
2015: 0,01
2014: 0,03
2013: 0,00
2012: 0,00
2011: 0,02
2010: 0,01
2009: 0,00
2008: 0,02
2007: 0,01
2006: 0,01
2005: 0,01
2004: 0,01

Décès par arme à feu (autres) de cause indéterminée

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel de décès par arme à feu (type d’arme à feu non défini ou différent) de cause indéterminée est de

2016: 164
2015: 2
2014: 10
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 164 65
2010: 764 65 66
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 8
2006: 9
2005: 064
2004: 1

Taux de décès par arme à feu (autres) de cause indéterminée pour 100 000 habitants

GraphiqueAustralie: le taux annuel de décès par arme à feu (type d’arme à feu non défini ou différent) de cause indéterminée pour 100 000 habitants est de

2016: 0,0050
2015: 0,01
2014: 0,04
2013: 0,01
2012: 0,02
2011: 0,00
2010: 0,03
2009: 0,03
2008: 0,05
2007: 0,04
2006: 0,04
2005: 0,00
2004: 0,01

Homicides par arme à feu dans le cadre d'une intervention légale

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre annuel d'homicides par arme à feu dans le cadre d'une intervention légale est de

2016: 668
2015: 7
2014: 9
2013: 2
2012: 5
2011: 2
2010: 968 69
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 6
2006: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1069
2001: 4
2000: 570
1999: 471
1998: 772
1997: 773

ProductionIndustries des armes à feu

Réglementation relative aux fabricants d'armes à feu

Australie: la fabrication d'armes légères, de munitions et/ou de leurs composants est autorisée, seulement si le fabricant est titulaire d'une licence en cours de validité74 75

Fabrication des armes légères – Classement mondial

Au classement mondial des petits, moyens et grands fabricants d'armes à feu, l'Australie est classée dans la catégorie des petits76 fabricants

Armes à feu artisanales

Australie: la production artisanale ou la production illicite d'armes à feu est faible77 78 79 80

TransfertsCommerce et trafic des armes à feu

Exportation des armes à feu

Australie: l'exportation des armes à feu et des munitions est limitée par le contrôle légal des transferts81 82 83

Exportations d'armes à feu (nombre) – Fabricants

Le nombre annuel d'armes à feu exportées depuis l'Australie est, selon les fabricants, de

2011: 4 54084

Exportations d'armes légères (US$) – Douanes

La valeur annuelle d'armes légères et de munitions exportées depuis l'Australie est évaluée, selon les douanes, à 11 077 63085US$ (2011)86 87

Exportations d'armes légères – Classement mondial

Si l'on compare les exportateurs d'armes légères dans le monde, l'Australie se classe comme grand88 89 90 exportateur

Importation des armes à feu

Australie: l'importation des armes à feu ou des munitions est limitée par le contrôle légal des transferts81 91 82 83

Importations d'armes légères (US$) - Douanes

La valeur annuelle d'armes légères et de munitions importées vers l'Australie est évaluée, selon les douanes, à 104 812 08085US$ (2011)92 93 94 95 96 97 98

Importations d'armes légères (Nombre) - Douanes

GraphiqueLe nombre annuel d'armes à feu importées vers

2015: 104 32399 100 101 102 103
2014: 98 351
2013: 88 185
2012: 90 006
2011: 72 586
2010: 73 701
2009: 57 522
2008: 58 111
2007: 47 820
2006: 39 389
2005: 38 786
2004: 36 980
2003: 40 939
2002: 28 016
2001: 30 666
2000: 33 152
1999: 18 405
1998: 34 837
1997: 89 760
1996: 44 802
1995: 48 751101
1994: 32 928
1993: 35 881
1992: 45 305
1991: 71 675
1990: 57 222
1989: 51 502
1979: 104 149104
1978: 108 854
1977: 194 764
1976: 191 359
1975: 166 364

Contrebande d'armes à feu et de munitions

Les rapports suggèrent que le niveau de contrebande d'armes à feu et de munitions en Australie est faible105 77 106 107 78 108 109 110 102 111 80 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119

Réglementation relative aux courtiers en armes à feu

Australie: les activités de courtier en armes à feu et d'intermédiation sont spécifiquement réglementées par la loi120

Certificats d'utilisateur final

Les formalités douanières en Australie incluent121 122 des exigences en matière de certification fournissant des détails sur l'utilisateur final et/ou sur l'utilisation finale pour les transferts d'armes à feu et munitions

Transparence des transferts d'armes légères

GraphiqueDans son Baromètre annuel sur la transparence en matière de commerce des armes légères (Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer), Small Arms Survey compare la transparence des États à déclarer les exportations d'armes à feu et de munitions, parmi les principales nations exportatrices d'armes légères, sur une échelle de fort à faible (25 à zéro). Ces dernières années, l'Australie s'est vu attribuer les scores suivants

2016: 12,25123
2014: 11,25124
2013: 10,25125
2012: 10,00126
2011: 10,25127
2010: 10,25128
2009: 10,25129
2008: 11,25130
2007: 11,25131
2006: 10,00132
2005: 11,25133
2004: 11,25134

MesuresRéglementation sur les armes à feu

Réglementation sur les armes à feu – Orientation des politiques

Australie: la réglementation sur les armes à feu est classée comme étant restrictive135

Loi sur les armes à feu

Australie: la législation sur le contrôle des armes à feu comprend l'Accord national sur les armes à feu de 1996 (NFA), l'Accord national sur la politique pour combattre le trafic d'armes à feu de 2002 (NFTPA), l'Accord national sur les armes de poing de 2002 (NHA),136 137 et les lois et règlements sur les armes à feu de chaque état et territoire138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154

Autorité chargée de la réglementation sur les armes à feu

Australie: les armes à feu sont réglementées par les autorités locales et territoriales155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162

Droit de posséder des armes à feu

Australie: le droit de posséder des armes à feu n'est pas garanti par la loi163 164 165 166 167

Armes à feu et munitions prohibées

Australie: les civils n'ont pas le droit de posséder d'armes à feu automatiques et semi-automatiques, de fusils à pompe à chargement automatique, d'armes de poing d'un calibre supérieur à 0,38po avec seulement quelques exceptions, d'armes de poing semi-automatiques dont la longueur du canon ne dépasse pas 120mm et de révolvers dont la longueur du canon ne dépasse pas 100mm168 169 137 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177

Réglementation sur les armes automatiques

Australie: la possession d'armes d'assaut automatiques par des particuliers est prohibée, avec seulement quelques rares exceptions pour les armes à feu rendues inutilisables et destinées aux collectionneurs, expositions ou musées168 169 170 171 172 173 178 179 176 177 47

Réglementation sur les armes d'assaut semi-automatiques

Australie: la possession d'armes d'assaut semi-automatiques par des particuliers est prohibée, avec seulement quelques exceptions169 170 171 172 173 174 175 180

Réglementation sur les armes de poing

Australie: la possession d'armes de poing (pistolets et revolvers) par des particuliers est autorisée uniquement sous réserve de conditions strictes169 181 137 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 47

La loi réglemente les armes d'épaule

Australie: la possession de fusils et de fusils de chasse par des civils est régie par la loi169 170 171 172 173 174 175 180 47

Licence d'armes à feu

Australie: seules les personnes titulaires d'une licence d'armes à feu peuvent190 191 192 193 158 194 195 196 197 47 légalement acquérir, posséder ou transférer des armes à feu ou des munitions

Motif légitime nécessaire pour l'obtention d'une licence d'armes à feu

Australie: les demandeurs d'une licence d'armes à feu sont obligés de démontrer qu'ils ont un motif légitime pour posséder une arme à feu comme, par exemple, être un membre d'un club de tir, la chasse, le tir sportif, la collection, le contrôle des nuisibles et des utilisations professionnelles restreintes.198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206
Selon la loi, la protection personnelle n'est pas une véritable raison207 208 209

Âge minimum requis pour la possession d'une arme à feu

Australie: l'âge minimum requis pour la possession d'une arme à feu est de 18 ans ou dès l'âge de 10 ans sous la supervision immédiate d'un adulte autorisé190 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217

Vérification des antécédents des propriétaires d'armes à feu

Australie: le demandeur d'une licence d'armes à feu doit se soumettre à une vérification de ses antécédents criminels, de troubles mentaux, physiques, d'addictions, de violence domestique et autres218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 47

Références requises pour l'obtention d'une licence d'armes à feu

Australie: l'avis d'une tierce personne est requis pour certaines catégories de licences dans certaines juridictions227 228 229 230 pour garantir la moralité de chaque demandeur d'une licence d'armes à feu

Violence domestique et armes à feu

Lorsqu'il existe des antécédents de violence familiale, ou des risques de violence familiale, la loi de l'Australie stipule218 231 232 221 233 223 234 225 235 que la licence d'armes à feu doit être refusée ou révoquée

Formation en matière de sécurité dans le maniement des armes à feu

Australie: des connaissances en matière de réglementation sur les armes à feu et de sécurité dans le maniement de celles-ci, testées en théorie et/ou en pratique lors d'une formation, sont requises236 237 238 239 240 224 241 242 pour l'obtention d'une licence d'armes à feu

Durée de validité d'une licence d'armes à feu

Australie: les propriétaires d'armes à feu doivent présenter une nouvelle demande et prouver à nouveau qu'ils répondent aux conditions requises pour l'obtention d'une licence d'armes à feu tous les un à cinq ans selon la catégorie de la licence190 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250

Registre des licences d'armes à feu

Australie: les autorités tiennent un registre251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 des civils autorisés à acquérir, posséder, vendre ou transférer des armes à feu ou des munitions

Limite du nombre d'armes à feu

Australie: les propriétaires d'armes à feu titulaires d'une licence en règle ont le droit de posséder seulement le nombre et type d'armes à feu spécifiés dans la licence ou permis d'acquisition199 261 262 263 264 158 265 266 267 265 268

Limite de la quantité et du type de munitions

Australie: les propriétaires d'armes à feu titulaires d'une licence en règle ont le droit de posséder au maximum seulement des munitions adaptées aux armes à feu spécifiées dans la licence, avec une limite sur la quantité de munitions qui peuvent être achetées dans une période donnée269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 268

Enregistrement des armes à feu

Enregistrement des armes à feu possédées par les civils

Australie: la loi impose277 278 251 259 254 253 256 258 257 260 l'enregistrement de l'acquisition, de la possession et du transfert de chaque arme à feu détenue par des civils dans un registre officiel

Tenue d'un registre par les commerçants d'armes à feu

Australie: les commerçants d'armes à feu doivent279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 260 tenir un registre de chaque arme à feu ou munition achetée, vendue ou transférée au nom de l'autorité compétente

Tenue d'un registre par les fabricants d'armes à feu

Australie: les fabricants d'armes à feu doivent287 260 tenir un registre de chaque arme à feu produite, pour inspection par l'autorité compétente

Tenue d'un registre d'armes à feu par le gouvernement

Australie: les organismes publics doivent288 289 tenir des registres sur le stockage et les mouvements de toutes les armes à feu et munitions sous leur responsabilité

Ventes et transferts d'armes à feu

Réglementation sur les ventes d'armes à feu entre particuliers

Australie: la vente et le transfert d'armes à feu entre particuliers sont prohibés, sauf s'ils sont réalisés et enregistrés par un commerçant d’armes à feu autorisé ou, lorsque se tenant dans des endroits reculés, s'ils sont réalisés et enregistrés par la police269 290 291 292 293 294 295 296

Réglementation sur les ventes d'armes à feu par un commerçant

Australie: le commerce des armes à feu, à titre professionnel et sans être titulaire d'une licence valide de commerçant d'armes à feu, est illégal269 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304

Vérification des antécédents pour les ventes d'armes à feu entre particuliers

Australie: l'acheteur d'une arme à feu, dans le cadre d'une vente entre particuliers, doit269 218 se soumettre à une vérification officielle de ses antécédents au moment du transfert

Vérification des antécédents pour les ventes d'armes à feu par un commerçant

Australie: l'acheteur d'une arme à feu, dans le cadre d'une vente chez un commerçant, doit269 218 se soumettre à une vérification officielle de ses antécédents au moment du transfert

Limite du nombre d'armes à feu pouvant être vendues par un commerçant

Australie: le nombre et le type d'armes à feu pouvant être vendus par un commerçant à un propriétaire d'armes à feu sont limités à une arme à feu par permis d'acquisition, en accord avec la catégorie de licence d'armes à feu concernée261 262 305 264 306 265 307 267 265 268

Nombre de commerçants d'armes à feu déclarés

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre de commerçants d'armes à feu est de

1999: 1 581308
1998: 1 223309

Période d'attente pour la possession d'une arme à feu

Australie: le temps d'attente minimum entre la vente légale de l'arme à feu et sa remise à l'acheteur est de 28 jours pour une première vente ou un premier transfert, avec des exemptions, dans certains états et territoires, pour l'achat subséquent du même type d'arme à feu pour laquelle le détenteur possède déjà une licence261 310 305 311 312 313 224 314 315

Réglementation sur les expositions d'armes à feu

Australie: les expositions d'armes à feu, ainsi que les événements temporaires liés au commerce d'armes à feu, dans certaines juridictions, sont réglementés316 317 318 319 par la loi

Stockage et transport des armes à feu et munitions

Réglementation sur le stockage des armes à feu et des munitions – Par les particuliers

Australie: la réglementation sur les armes à feu inclut320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 des dispositions sur le stockage sécuritaire des armes à feu et munitions par les propriétaires d'armes à feu

Réglementation sur le stockage des armes à feu et des munitions – Par les commerçants

Australie: la réglementation sur les armes à feu inclut329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 des dispositions sur le stockage sécuritaire des armes à feu et munitions par les commerçants d'armes à feu

Réglementation sur le stockage des armes à feu et des munitions – Par le gouvernement

Australie: la réglementation gouvernementale inclut289 288 des dispositions sur le stockage sécuritaire des armes à feu et munitions par les organismes publics

Réglementation sur le transport des armes à feu et munitions

Australie: la réglementation inclut337 338 339 340 341 342 des dispositions sur le stockage sécuritaire des armes à feu et munitions pendant leur transport

Marquage et traçage des armes à feu et munitions

Marquage des armes à feu

Australie: la loi requiert75 une marque d'identification unique sur chaque arme à feu

Traçage des armes à feu

Australie: les autorités nationales procèdent343 344 345 346 347 348 au traçage reconnu des armes à feu et aux procédures de pistage

Registre des empreintes balistiques des armes à feu et de leurs munitions

Australie: les caractéristiques balistiques de chaque arme à feu civile et de ses munitions ne sont pas349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 conservées dans un registre

Port d'armes à feu

Porter ouvertement des armes à feu en public

Australie: porter ouvertement des armes à feu en public est prohibé, s'il n'y a pas de motif légitime. Selon la loi, la protection personnelle ne constitue pas un motif légitime207 208 367 368 369 370 371 209 47

Porter des armes à feu dissimulées en public

Australie: porter des armes à feu dissimulées en public est prohibé, s'il n'y a pas de motif légitime. Selon la loi, la protection personnelle ne constitue pas un motif légitime207 208 367 368 369 370 371 209 47

Peine légale pour possession illégale d'armes à feu

Australie: la peine maximale pour possession illégale d'armes à feu372 est de 20 ans de prison, selon la juridiction et la catégorie d'arme à feu373 192 193 374 375 195 196 197 376

Programmes de collecte, d'amnistie et de destruction

Australie: les autorités sont reconnues pour avoir377 378 mis en place des programmes de remise volontaire d'armes à feu, et/ou des programmes de saisies en vue de réduire le nombre d'armes à feu illégales en circulation

Nombre d'armes à feu remises et saisies

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre d'armes à feu remises volontairement, rachetées ou saisies par les autorités est de

2015: 3 000379
2014: 3 000380
2012: 3 485381 382 383 384
2011: 5 922382 383 384
2010: 5 798382 383
2008/11: 4 000385 383
2006: 5 15716 383
2004: 68 727386 387
1987/2015: 1,121,577388 377 378 389

Armes légères détruites

GraphiqueAustralie: le nombre d'armes à feu détruites suite à des programmes d'amnistie, de collecte et de saisie est de

2015: 17 081390
2012: 3 485382
2011: 3 857
2010: 3 109
1987/2015: 1 121 577388 377 378 389

Politique de destruction et d'élimination

En Australie, ce n'est pas la politique d'état391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 de détruire les surplus d'armes à feu, ainsi que les armes à feu collectées et saisies plutôt que de les remettre sur le marché secondaire des armes à feu

MesuresContrôles internationaux

Accords régionaux

Forum des îles du Pacifique

En tant que membre du Forum des îles du Pacifique, l'Australie a adopté, en mars 2000, la Plate-forme de Nadi, qui vise à harmoniser la législation relative aux armes légères dans toute l'Océanie. En août 2003, l'avant-projet de loi-type sur les armes de la Plate-forme de Nadi a été accepté de façon unanime pour considération par l'ensemble de 16 états membres du Forum des îles du Pacifique399 400

Déclaration de Genève sur la violence armée et le développement

La Déclaration de Genève sur la violence armée et le développement, initiative diplomatique visant à répondre aux questions d'interrelations entre la violence armée et le développement, a été signée en 2006 par l'Australie401

Traité des Nations Unies sur le commerce des armes

Le Traité des Nations Unies sur le commerce des armes a été signé et ratifié par l'Australie402

Protocole des Nations Unies sur les armes à feu

Le Protocole des Nations Unies contre la fabrication et le trafic illicites d'armes à feu, de leurs pièces, éléments et munitions a été signé, mais pas encore ratifié par l'Australie403

Programme d'action des Nations Unies sur les armes légères (UNPoA)

UNPoA – Engagement

Le 21 juillet 2001, l'Australie s'est engagée à respecter la décision consensuelle des Nations Unies à adopter, soutenir et mettre en œuvre le Programme d'action de l'ONU en vue de prévenir, combattre et éliminer le commerce illicite des armes légères sous tous ses aspects404

UNPoA – Score attribué dans le cadre du suivi de la mise en œuvre du programme d'action

Dans le cadre du suivi de la mise en œuvre du Programme d'action de l'ONU sur les armes légères (PoAIM Phase 1), Small Arms Survey a évalué les performances de l'Australie par rapport à ses engagements envers le programme d'action et l'a ensuite classé n°22405 406 407 408 parmi les 159 États membres

UNPoA – Rapports nationaux

Selon les termes de son engagement pris en 2001 envers le Programme d'action des Nations Unies sur les armes légères, l'Australie a soumis un ou plusieurs rapports nationaux409 410 sur la mise en œuvre du Programme d'action

UNPoA – Point de contact national

Un point de contact national, devant s'occuper des questions relevant du Programme d'action, a été créé en Australie411 410

UNPoA – Organe national de coordination

Un organe national de coordination, devant s'occuper des questions relevant du Programme d'action, a été créé en Australie411 410

UNPoA – Participation et appui des acteurs de la société civile

Les rapports nationaux soumis par l'Australie aux Nations Unies, de 2001 à 2010, démontrent411 410 412 qu'il a existé une coopération concrète avec la société civile en soutien aux activités du Programme d'action

UNPoA – Assistance internationale fournie

Des fonds pour la mise en œuvre du Programme d'action ont été octroyés par l'Australie413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 à d'autres états membres de l'ONU

Registre des Nations Unies des armes légères

Selon le registre des Nations Unies des armes classiques, l'Australie a déclaré421 ses exportations d'armes légères dans un ou plusieurs rapports nationaux annuels sur les exportations d'armes

Membre des Nations Unies

Selon la liste officielle des états membre de l'ONU, l'Australie est un état membre depuis 1945422

Arrangement de Wassenaar

L'Australie fait partie423 des États participants à l'Arrangement de Wassenaar sur le contrôle des exportations d'armes classiques et de biens et technologies à double usage

ContexteProfil du pays

Profil des conflits

Pour obtenir un profil des conflits en Australie, veuillez cliquer sur l'icône «Lien» pour ouvrir une page Web accessible à partir de l'extranet du site du Programme de Données sur le Conflit de l'Université d'Uppsala (UCDP)

Indice mondial de la paix

Pour voir le classement de l'Australie, veuillez cliquer sur l'icône «Lien» pour ouvrir une page Web accessible à partir de l'extranet du site de l'indice mondial de paix (Global Peace Index, GPI)


Références

1.

Australia.2016.‘Firearm Registration and Licensing.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13163)Full Citation

2.

Australia.2016.‘Domestic Illicit Firearms Market.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13159)Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Number of Privately Owned Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G1) Full Citation

4.

Dawson, Chris.2014.‘Australian Firearm Market.’ Australian Crime Commission, Submission No. 75 to Senate Committee: Inquiry into the Ability of Australian Law Enforcement Authorities to Eliminate Gun-Related Violence in the Community.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,22 August. (Q11588)Full Citation

5.

Bricknell, Samantha.2012.‘Number of Registered Firearms in Australia, 2011.’ Firearm Trafficking and Serious and Organised Crime Gangs.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q11750)Full Citation

6.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms and of Privately Owned Firearms - Australia.’ Number of Registered Firearms, Australia.Sydney:GunPolicy.org,6 December. (Q13214)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2010.‘Value of the Global Firearms Market (Licit and Illicit).’ The Globalization of Crime: A Transnational Organized Crime Threat Assessment (TOCTA).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 June. (Q13189)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

9.

Reuter, Peter and Jenny Mouzos.2002.‘Australia: A Massive Buyback of Low-Risk Guns.’ In: Evaluating Gun Policy: Effects on Crime and Violence. Editors: Philip Cook and Jens Ludwig.Washington, DC:Brookings Institution Press,1 December. (Q11733)Full Citation

10.

Chappell, Duncan, Peter Grabosky, Paul Wilson and Satyanshu Mukherjee.1988.‘Firearms and Violence in Australia: Gun Ownership.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology, citing Australian Bankers' Association figures,1 February. (Q11734)Full Citation

11.

Harding, Richard W.1981.‘How Many Guns? - Estimated Gun Ownership (other than airgun ownership) Australia 1975.’ Firearms and Violence in Australian Life: an Examination of Gun Ownership and Use in Australia.Nedlands, WA:University of Western Australia Press,1 December. (Q11921)Full Citation

12.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Australia (Possession Data).’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,19 December. (Q4201)Full Citation

13.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G6) Full Citation

14.

SSAA National.2016.‘Handguns.’ A Journalist's Guide to Firearms and the Shooting Sports.Adelaide:Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia (SSAA National) Inc,1 April. (Q11748)Full Citation

15.

Bricknell, Samantha.2008.‘Criminal Use of Handguns in Australia: Legal ownership.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,14 October. (Q947)Full Citation

16.

Phillips, Janet, Malcolm Park and Catherine Lorimer.2007.‘How many legal firearms are there in Australia?.’ Firearms in Australia: A Guide to Electronic Resources.Canberra:Parliamentary Library, Federal Parliament of Australia,9 August. (Q13181)Full Citation

17.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

18.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11790)Full Citation

19.

Leigh, Andrew and Christine Neill.2010.‘Do Gun Buybacks Save Lives? Evidence from Panel Data - Introduction.’ American Law and Economics Review.Oxford:Oxford Journals / Oxford University Press,20 August. (Q11674)Full Citation

20.

Killias, Martin.1993.‘Gun Ownership, Suicide and Homicide: An International Perspective.’ Understanding Crime, Experiences of Crime and Crime Control - Acts of the International Conference, Rome, 18-20 Nov 1992.Rome:United Nations International Crime & Justice Research Institute (UNICRI),1 August. (Q1187)Full Citation

21.

Dann, Susan and Paul Wilson.1993.‘Gun Ownership & Violence in Australia: Strategies for Reduction.’ Current Issues in Criminal Justice.Brisbane:Sydney Institute of Criminology, The University of Sydney,1 July. (Q11751)Full Citation

22.

Chappell, Duncan, Peter Grabosky, Paul Wilson and Satyanshu Mukherjee.1988.‘Firearms and Violence in Australia.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 February. (Q11782)Full Citation

23.

Australia.2012.‘Assessment of the Illegal Firearms Market.’ Final Report of the National Investigation into the Illegal Firearms Market.Canberra:Parliament of Australia,29 June. (Q11823)Full Citation

24.

Maning, Jo.2010.‘Total number of registered civilian firearms in Australia.’ Collated National Figures - Personal correspondence from the Assistant Director.Canberra:Drugs and Firearms Section, Border Management and Crime Prevention Branch, Criminal Justice Division, Australian Federal Attorney-General's Department,28 October. (Q3057)Full Citation

25.

Mouzos, Jenny.2006.‘An Overview of Firearms Theft in Australia.’ Presentation to the International Firearms Safety Seminar.Christchurch:National Firearms Theft Monitoring Program / NFTMP, Australian Institute of Criminology,23 February. (Q11657)Full Citation

26.

Petrie, Andrea.2006.‘A Disarming Cause: Have tighter gun laws made us safer?.’ The Age.Melbourne:28 April. (Q11658)Full Citation

27.

Mouzos, Jenny.2002.‘Firearms Theft in Australia.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:National Firearms Theft Monitoring Program / NFTMP, Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q7231)Full Citation

28.

Mouzos, Jenny.2002.‘Number of licence holders and registered firearms by jurisdiction, 1 July 2001.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice: Firearms Theft in Australia.Canberra:National Firearms Theft Monitoring Program / NFTMP, Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q4073)Full Citation

29.

Browne, Roland; Tidswell, Keith.1997.‘Upset by Lone Gunman's Killing Spree, Australians Turn in Weapons.’ Associated Press.Sydney:Associated Press,30 September. (Q11743)Full Citation

30.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Registered Firearms, Australia 2016.’ Freedom of Information Responses from Australian State and Territory Firearm Registries.Sydney:Australian State and Territory Firearm Registries,24 November. (Q13193)Full Citation

31.

Christopher Knaus. 2011. ‘ACT Black Market Fed by Theft of Legal Guns.’ Canberra Times (Australia). 8 August. (N495) Full Citation

32.

Townsend, Ian.2011.‘Guns are Back - Buyback Guns Replaced with Imports.’ ABC Radio National - Background Briefing.Brisbane:Australian Broadcasting Corporation,13 November. (Q11664)Full Citation

33.

Waterman, Snr Sgt S W.1987.‘Firearms - Is it a Police Responsibility?.’ Research Lecture Paper, Victoria Police College Inspector's Course No. 51, 1986.Melbourne:Victoria Police College,26 February. (Q11749)Full Citation

34.

McPhedran, Samara.2011.‘Firearms Registration in Australia.’ WiSH Fact Sheet - Background.Sydney:International Coalition for Women in Shooting and Hunting / WiSH,22 August. (Q5683)Full Citation

35.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G14) Full Citation

36.

Australia.2014.‘Number of Firearms Possessed by the Australian Defence Force.’ DoD Decision Letter FOI 397/13/14.Canberra:Department of Defence (DoD), Ministerial and Information Management Branch,13 June. (Q8739)Full Citation

37.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Stockpiles and Trafficking in the Pacific: Police Inventories.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q145)Full Citation

38.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

39.

GunPolicy.org.2018.‘Calculated Numbers of Gun Deaths - Australia.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2016.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,7 March. (Q6478)Full Citation

40.

Kreisfeld, Renate.2006.‘Australia Revised Firearm Deaths 1979-2003.’ National Injury Surveillance Unit / NISU.Adelaide:Research Centre for Injury Studies, Flinders University of South Australia,1 March. (Q954)Full Citation

41.

GunPolicy.org.2018.‘Calculated Rates - Australia (Total Gun Deaths).’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.New York, NY:US Census Bureau Population Division,7 March. (Q6472)Full Citation

42.

Australia.2017.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Year of Occurrence, Australia, 2007-2016 - Assault.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2016.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,27 September. (Q9177)Full Citation

43.

Bryant, Willow and Tracy Cussen.2015.‘Homicide Victims by Year and Jurisdiction, 1989–90 to 2010–12.’ Homicide in Australia: 2010–11 to 2011–12: National Homicide Monitoring Program report.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 February. (Q12091)Full Citation

44.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Australia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q8901)Full Citation

45.

Australia.2013.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2002-2011 - Assault.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2011.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,15 March. (Q7379)Full Citation

46.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Australia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6225)Full Citation

47.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Australia.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9635)Full Citation

48.

Australia.2012.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2001-2010 - Assault.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2010.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,20 March. (Q6476)Full Citation

49.

Chan, Andy and Jason Payne.2013.‘Table B2: Homicide Victims by Year and Jurisdiction, 1989/90 to 2009/10.’ Homicide in Australia: 2008-09 to 2009-10 National Homicide Monitoring Program Annual Report.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,20 February. (Q8365)Full Citation

50.

GunPolicy.org.2018.‘Calculated Rates - Australia (Gun Death and Injury).’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,7 March. (Q6477)Full Citation

51.

Bryant, Willow and Tracy Cussen.2015.‘Primary Cause of Death of Homicide Victims by Sex and Jurisdiction, 2010–12.’ Homicide in Australia: 2010–11 to 2011–12: National Homicide Monitoring Program report.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 February. (Q12092)Full Citation

52.

Chan, Andy and Jason Payne.2013.‘Table B8: Primary Cause of Death of Homicide Victims by Sex and Jurisdiction, 2009/10.’ Homicide in Australia: 2008-09 to 2009-10 National Homicide Monitoring Program Annual Report.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,20 February. (Q12094)Full Citation

53.

Chan, Andy and Jason Payne.2013.‘Table B8: Primary Cause of Death of Homicide Victims by Sex and Jurisdiction, 2008/09.’ Homicide in Australia: 2008-09 to 2009-10 National Homicide Monitoring Program Annual Report.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,20 February. (Q12093)Full Citation

54.

Dearden, Jack and Warwick Jones.2008.‘Victims by Cause of Death, 2006-2007 - Gun Shot Wound.’ Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program Annual Report.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / Australian Institute of Criminology,5 December. (Q3723)Full Citation

55.

Mouzos, Jenny and Tina Houliaras.2006.‘Table: Victims by Cause of Death, 2004-05 - Gun Shot Wound.’ Homicide in Australia: 2004-05 National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP) Annual Report.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / Australian Institute of Criminology,1 January. (Q3713)Full Citation

56.

Chapman, Simon, Philip Alpers, Kingsley Agho and Mike Jones.2006.‘Gun-Related Deaths, Australia, 1979–2003.’ Australia's 1996 Gun Law Reforms: Faster falls in firearm deaths, firearm suicides, and a decade without mass shootings.Sydney:Injury Prevention,6 November. (Q1987)Full Citation

57.

Bryant, Willow and Tracy Cussen.2015.‘Weapon Use in Homicide Incidents by Year, 1989–90 to 2011–12.’ Homicide in Australia: 2010–11 to 2011–12: National Homicide Monitoring Program report.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 February. (Q12095)Full Citation

58.

Australia.2017.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2007-2016 - Intentional Self-harm.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2016.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,27 September. (Q9178)Full Citation

59.

Australia.2013.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2002-2011 - Intentional Self-harm.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2011.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,15 March. (Q7380)Full Citation

60.

Australia.2012.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2001-2010 - Intentional Self-harm.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2010.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,20 March. (Q6475)Full Citation

61.

Australia.2017.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2004-2015 - Accidental Injury.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2016.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,27 September. (Q9179)Full Citation

62.

Australia.2013.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2002-2011 - Accidental Injury.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2011.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,15 March. (Q7381)Full Citation

63.

Australia.2012.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2001-2010 - Accidental Injury.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2010.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,20 March. (Q6474)Full Citation

64.

Australia.2017.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2007-2016 - Event of Undetermined Intent.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2016.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,27 September. (Q9180)Full Citation

65.

Australia.2013.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2002-2011 - Event of Undetermined Intent.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2011.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,15 March. (Q7382)Full Citation

66.

Australia.2012.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2001-2010 - Event of Undetermined Intent.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2010.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,20 March. (Q6473)Full Citation

67.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

68.

Australia.2017.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2007-2016 - Justifiable Gun Homicides.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2016.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,27 September. (Q8359)Full Citation

69.

Australia.2012.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2001-2010 - Justifiable Gun Homicides.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2010.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,20 March. (Q8360)Full Citation

70.

Australia.2011.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 2000-2009 - Justifiable Gun Homicides.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2009.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,3 May. (Q8362)Full Citation

71.

Australia.2010.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 1999-2008 - Justifiable Gun Homicides.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2008.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,31 March. (Q8363)Full Citation

72.

Australia.2009.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 1998-2007 - Justifiable Gun Homicides.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2007.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,18 March. (Q8364)Full Citation

73.

Australia.2008.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Australia, 1997-2006 - Justifiable Gun Homicides.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2006.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,14 March. (Q8361)Full Citation

74.

Australia.2012.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,23 March. (Q6494)Full Citation

75.

Australia.2016.‘Marking at Manufacture.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12066)Full Citation

76.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

77.

Australia.2016.‘Contemporary Diversion Methods.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13169)Full Citation

78.

Australia.2016.‘Contemporary Diversion Methods - Illicit Manufacture.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13160)Full Citation

79.

Kerlatec, John.2007.‘Illegal Firearm Trafficking: A NSW Perspective.’ Australian Police Journal.Sydney:NSW Police Firearms & Regulated Industries Crime Squad,1 December. (Q2579)Full Citation

80.

Dawson, Chris.2014.‘New Supply Challenges.’ Australian Crime Commission, Submission No. 75 to Senate Committee: Inquiry into the Ability of Australian Law Enforcement Authorities to Eliminate Gun-Related Violence in the Community.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,22 August. (Q11591)Full Citation

81.

Australia.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12059)Full Citation

82.

Australia.2016.‘Record Keeping [Imports-Exports].’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12057)Full Citation

83.

Bricknell, Samantha.2012.‘Commonwealth Amendments.’ Firearm Trafficking and Serious and Organised Crime Gangs.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q8898)Full Citation

84.

Bricknell, Samantha.2012.‘Illegal Importation.’ Firearm Trafficking and Serious and Organised Crime Gangs.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q8899)Full Citation

85.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

86.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11077)Full Citation

87.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

88.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

89.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

90.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

91.

Australia.2016.‘Marking at Import.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12061)Full Citation

92.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Imports per Top Importer and for All Importers, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11072)Full Citation

93.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Top Exporters and Importers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11068)Full Citation

94.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

95.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

96.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Major Exporters and Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11036)Full Citation

97.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

98.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

99.

Alpers, Philip.2016.‘Firearm Imports, Australia: Non-air modern firearms for civilian possession, 1995 to 2015 (Customs).’ Australian Customs and Border Protection - Compilation.Canberra:GunPolicy.org. Sydney School of Public Health,22 April. (Q11799)Full Citation

100.

Australia.2016.‘Commercial Firearm Importations - All Firearms.’ Freedom of Information Act Decision.Canberra:Department of Immigration and Border Protection,18 March. (Q11732)Full Citation

101.

Alpers, Philip.2016.‘Firearm Imports, Australia: Non-air modern firearms for civilian possession, 1988 to 2015 (ABS).’ Australian Bureau of Statistics - Compilation of Customs data.Canberra:GunPolicy.org. Sydney School of Public Health,20 April. (Q11780)Full Citation

102.

Alpers, Philip.2013.‘The Big Melt: How One Democracy Changed after Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms - Importation and Smuggling of Firearms.’ Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis.Baltimore:Johns Hopkins University Press,25 January. (Q6570)Full Citation

103.

Australia.2016.‘Legal Importation of Firearms.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13172)Full Citation

104.

Harding, Richard W.1981.‘Australian Gun Imports, 1974-79.’ Firearms and Violence in Australian Life: an Examination of Gun Ownership and Use in Australia.Nedlands, WA:University of Western Australia Press,1 December. (Q11925)Full Citation

105.

Alpers, Philip.2016.‘Where Do Australian Criminals Get the Majority of Their Illegal Firearms?.’ The Origin of Australian Crime Guns.Sydney:GunPolicy.org / Sydney School of Public Health,14 November. (Q6062)Full Citation

106.

Australia.2016.‘Firearm Diversion - Historical Diversion Methods.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13167)Full Citation

107.

Australia.2016.‘Contemporary Diversion Methods - Theft.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13166)Full Citation

108.

Australia.2016.‘Contemporary Diversion Methods - Illegal Importation.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13161)Full Citation

109.

Australia.2016.‘Illicit Firearms at the Australian Border.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13183)Full Citation

110.

Australia.2016.‘Contemporary Diversion Methods - Failure to Reconcile Transfers.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13170)Full Citation

111.

Dawson, Chris.2014.‘How Firearms Enter the Illicit Market.’ Australian Crime Commission, Submission No. 75 to Senate Committee: Inquiry into the Ability of Australian Law Enforcement Authorities to Eliminate Gun-Related Violence in the Community.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,22 August. (Q11589)Full Citation

112.

ACC.2015.‘Firearm Trafficking.’ Organised Crime in Australia 2015.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,1 May. (Q11621)Full Citation

113.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Stockpiles and Trafficking in the Pacific.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q2078)Full Citation

114.

Australia.2003.‘Customs and Handguns - Frequently Asked Questions.’ Australian Customs Service; Website.Canberra:Australian Customs Service,11 January. (Q2554)Full Citation

115.

Bricknell, Samantha.2008.‘Criminal Use of Handguns in Australia: Conclusion.’ Trends and Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,14 October. (Q2555)Full Citation

116.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Stockpiles and Trafficking in the Pacific.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q2556)Full Citation

117.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Small Arms in the Pacific: Summary.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q2557)Full Citation

118.

ABC News (Australia). 2003. ‘Minister Blames Theft for Gun Crime Rise.’ 29 December. (N198) Full Citation

119.

Paul Toohey. 2002. ‘States Won't Pay Gun Buyback Bill.’ Australian (Sydney). 6 November. (N199) Full Citation

120.

Australia.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12062)Full Citation

121.

Australia.2016.‘End-user Certificate.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12060)Full Citation

122.

Australia.2003.‘National Small Arms Report.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,5 May. (Q3225)Full Citation

123.

Pavesi, Irene.2016.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2016.’ Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 June. (Q12070)Full Citation

124.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

125.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

126.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

127.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

128.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

129.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

130.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

131.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

132.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

133.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

134.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

135.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

136.

Australia.2008.‘Small Arms and Light Weapons UN Report.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1734)Full Citation

137.

Australia.2008.‘Small Arms and Light Weapons UN Report.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1735)Full Citation

138.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Firearms Act 1996.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2511)Full Citation

139.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2604)Full Citation

140.

New South Wales.1996.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Name, Commencement, Principles and Objects of Act.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2478)Full Citation

141.

New South Wales.2006.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Name, Commencement and Definitions.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2586)Full Citation

142.

Tasmania.1996.‘Firearms Act.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2942)Full Citation

143.

Tasmania.2006.‘Short Title, Commencement, Interpretation.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q2999)Full Citation

144.

Victoria.1998.‘Purpose.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2605)Full Citation

145.

Victoria.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q2670)Full Citation

146.

Queensland.1990.‘Preliminary, Short Title, Application, Principles and Object of Act.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2603)Full Citation

147.

Queensland.1996.‘Preliminary.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2710)Full Citation

148.

Queensland.1997.‘Short Title.’ Weapons Categories Regulation 1997 (As in force 19 December 2014).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,14 November. (Q2702)Full Citation

149.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Short Title, Commencement and Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2759)Full Citation

150.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2812)Full Citation

151.

South Australia.1977.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2878)Full Citation

152.

South Australia.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2905)Full Citation

153.

Western Australia.1973.‘Short Title, Commencement, Terms Used and Administration.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2743)Full Citation

154.

Western Australia.1974.‘Arrangement of Sections, Citation and Terms Used.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2830)Full Citation

155.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Regulation - Making Power.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2573)Full Citation

156.

New South Wales.1996.‘General Power to Issue Permits.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2497)Full Citation

157.

Tasmania.1996.‘Delegation.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2996)Full Citation

158.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Longarm Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2611)Full Citation

159.

Queensland.1990.‘Regulation-making Power.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2698)Full Citation

160.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Delegation.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q3049)Full Citation

161.

South Australia.1977.‘The Registrar.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2882)Full Citation

162.

Western Australia.1973.‘Delegation of Commissioner's Power to Give Licences, Permits and Approvals.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2744)Full Citation

163.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

164.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

165.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Principles and Objects of Act.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2512)Full Citation

166.

New South Wales.1996.‘Principles and Objects of Act.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2510)Full Citation

167.

Queensland.1999.‘Carnes v Essenberg and Ors.’ QCA 339 (1999) and appeals.Brisbane:Queensland Court of Appeal,23 August. (Q4058)Full Citation

168.

Australia.1996.‘Bans on Specific Types of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q982)Full Citation

169.

Australia.1996.‘Basic Licence Requirements - Licence Categories.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2582)Full Citation

170.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Prohibited Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2574)Full Citation

171.

New South Wales.1996.‘Prohibited Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2509)Full Citation

172.

Tasmania.1996.‘Prohibited Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2997)Full Citation

173.

Victoria.1998.‘Longarm Licences for Category A or B Longarms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2649)Full Citation

174.

Queensland.1990.‘How Object is to be Achieved for Firearms.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2672)Full Citation

175.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Prohibited Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2787)Full Citation

176.

South Australia.2008.‘Prescribed Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2906)Full Citation

177.

Western Australia.1974.‘Prohibited Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2835)Full Citation

178.

Queensland.1990.‘Collector's Licence (Weapons).’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2695)Full Citation

179.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Silencers and Machine-guns.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2785)Full Citation

180.

Western Australia.1974.‘Category D Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2842)Full Citation

181.

Bricknell, Samantha.2008.‘Criminal Use of Handguns in Australia: Handgun ownership in Australia.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,14 October. (Q1982)Full Citation

182.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Prohibited Pistols, Sport or Target Shooting.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2623)Full Citation

183.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Category H.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2484)Full Citation

184.

Tasmania.1996.‘Category H Firearms Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2951)Full Citation

185.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Handgun Licences for General Category Handguns.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2616)Full Citation

186.

Queensland.1997.‘Category H Weapon Classes.’ Weapons Categories Regulation 1997 (As in force 19 December 2014).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,14 November. (Q2708)Full Citation

187.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Prescribed Category H Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2822)Full Citation

188.

South Australia.2008.‘Acquisition of Class H Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2920)Full Citation

189.

Western Australia.1974.‘Restrictions for Category H.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2847)Full Citation

190.

Australia.1996.‘Basic Licence Requirements.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q976)Full Citation

191.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2575)Full Citation

192.

New South Wales.1996.‘Offence of Unauthorised Possession or Use of Pistols or Prohibited Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2479)Full Citation

193.

Tasmania.1996.‘Possession or Use of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2943)Full Citation

194.

Queensland.1990.‘Licences.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2677)Full Citation

195.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Possession or Use of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2782)Full Citation

196.

South Australia.1977.‘Possession and Use of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2885)Full Citation

197.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licensing Offences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2754)Full Citation

198.

Australia.1996.‘Genuine Reason for Owning, Possessing or Using a Firearm.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q969)Full Citation

199.

Australia.1996.‘Genuine Reason for Owning, Possessing or Using a Firearm.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2581)Full Citation

200.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Genuine Reasons to Possess or Use Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2521)Full Citation

201.

New South Wales.1996.‘Genuine Reasons for Having a Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2489)Full Citation

202.

Tasmania.1996.‘Genuine Reasons.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2960)Full Citation

203.

Victoria.2008.‘Prescribed Purposes for Applying for Longarm and General Category Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q2671)Full Citation

204.

Queensland.1990.‘Genuine Reasons for Possession of a Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2676)Full Citation

205.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Genuine Reason for Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2764)Full Citation

206.

South Australia.2008.‘Purposes for Which Firearms May be Used.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2908)Full Citation

207.

Australia.1996.‘Genuine Reason for Owning, Possessing or Using a Firearm.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q970)Full Citation

208.

King, Brooke.2009.‘Firearms Controls in Australia.’ Challenges, Constraints and Opportunities in National PoA Implementation by States of the Pacific.Sydney:Firearms Unit, Australian Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department,22 June. (Q1985)Full Citation

209.

Warner, Kate and Simon Sherwood.2006.‘Firearms Legislation in Australia a Decade After the Nationwide Agreement: Summary and comments.’ National Coalition for Gun Control.Hobart:National Coalition for Gun Control,1 July. (Q973)Full Citation

210.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Children Prohibited from Owning Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2545)Full Citation

211.

New South Wales.1996.‘Minor's Firearms Permits.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2499)Full Citation

212.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Minor's Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2971)Full Citation

213.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Junior Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2619)Full Citation

214.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitations on Issue of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2673)Full Citation

215.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Application for Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2761)Full Citation

216.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption From Requirement to be Licensed.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2917)Full Citation

217.

Western Australia.1973.‘Minimum Age of Licensee or Permit Holder.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2746)Full Citation

218.

Australia.1996.‘Grounds for Licence Refusal or Cancellation and Seizure of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2584)Full Citation

219.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Assessing Suitability of Individuals - Discretionary Criteria.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2514)Full Citation

220.

New South Wales.1996.‘General Restrictions on Issue of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2487)Full Citation

221.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Restrictions on Granting Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2955)Full Citation

222.

Victoria.1998.‘Definitions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2608)Full Citation

223.

Queensland.1990.‘Fit and Proper Person - Licensees.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2675)Full Citation

224.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Restrictions on Grant of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2762)Full Citation

225.

South Australia.1977.‘Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2881)Full Citation

226.

Western Australia.1973.‘Exercise of Commissioner's Discretion.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2748)Full Citation

227.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Shooting Clubs, Conditions of Approval.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2664)Full Citation

228.

Victoria.1998.‘Approved Firearms Collectors Clubs - Requirements as to Members and Former Members.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2668)Full Citation

229.

Queensland.1996.‘Category H Weapons - Club Letter Certifying Need for Weapon.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2734)Full Citation

230.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restriction on Grant of Category H Sports Shooter's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2763)Full Citation

231.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Mandatory Suspension.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2543)Full Citation

232.

New South Wales.1996.‘Suspension of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2576)Full Citation

233.

Victoria.1998.‘Surrender of Firearms and Licence Document.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2667)Full Citation

234.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Suspension on Making of Interim Domestic Violence Order.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2779)Full Citation

235.

Western Australia.1973.‘Disqualification by Court Imposing Violence Restraining Order.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q3052)Full Citation

236.

Australia.1996.‘Training as a Prerequisite for Licensing.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2585)Full Citation

237.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Adult Firearms Licences - Refusal.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2518)Full Citation

238.

Tasmania.1996.‘Safety Courses.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2998)Full Citation

239.

Victoria.1998.‘General Discretion of Chief Commissioner to Refuse a Longarm or Handgun Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2618)Full Citation

240.

Queensland.1990.‘Adequate Knowledge of Weapon.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2674)Full Citation

241.

South Australia.2008.‘Training and Examinations.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2913)Full Citation

242.

Western Australia.1973.‘Training Courses.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2747)Full Citation

243.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Adult Licences, Period.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2625)Full Citation

244.

New South Wales.2006.‘Term of Licence.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2587)Full Citation

245.

Tasmania.2006.‘Period of Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3002)Full Citation

246.

Victoria.1998.‘Duration of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2622)Full Citation

247.

Queensland.1990.‘Term of Licence.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2679)Full Citation

248.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Period of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2766)Full Citation

249.

South Australia.1977.‘Term and Renewal of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2894)Full Citation

250.

Western Australia.1973.‘Duration and Renewal of Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2745)Full Citation

251.

New South Wales.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2500)Full Citation

252.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Contents of Register.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2563)Full Citation

253.

Queensland.1990.‘Commissioner to Maintain Firearms Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2684)Full Citation

254.

Victoria.1998.‘Keeping of Register.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2641)Full Citation

255.

Victoria.1998.‘Certificate of Registration.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2642)Full Citation

256.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Register.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2760)Full Citation

257.

Western Australia.1974.‘Register.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2834)Full Citation

258.

South Australia.1977.‘Registers.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2883)Full Citation

259.

Tasmania.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2976)Full Citation

260.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5380)Full Citation

261.

Australia.1996.‘Permit to Acquire.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q2583)Full Citation

262.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Permits to Acquire - Applications.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2560)Full Citation

263.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Category C.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2482)Full Citation

264.

Tasmania.1996.‘Application for Permit to Acquire Firearm.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2968)Full Citation

265.

South Australia.1977.‘Reasons for Refusal of Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q3056)Full Citation

266.

Queensland.1990.‘Limitation on Number of Concealable Firearms Particular Licensees May Acquire.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2699)Full Citation

267.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2770)Full Citation

268.

Western Australia.1973.‘Genuine Reason Required in All Cases.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2749)Full Citation

269.

Australia.1996.‘Recording of Sales.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q985)Full Citation

270.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Sale of Ammunition by Licensed Firearms Dealers.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2665)Full Citation

271.

New South Wales.1996.‘Supply, Acquisition and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2548)Full Citation

272.

Tasmania.2006.‘Amount of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3001)Full Citation

273.

Victoria.1998.‘Possession of Cartridge Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q3055)Full Citation

274.

Queensland.1996.‘Prohibition on Possession of Particular Magazines - Category H Weapons.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2741)Full Citation

275.

Northern Territory.1997.‘General Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2765)Full Citation

276.

South Australia.2008.‘Limit on Quantity of Ammunition.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2922)Full Citation

277.

Australia.1996.‘Effective Nationwide Registration of All Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q995)Full Citation

278.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Register of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2562)Full Citation

279.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Inspection of Records.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2568)Full Citation

280.

New South Wales.1996.‘Recording of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2550)Full Citation

281.

Tasmania.1996.‘Record of Dealings.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2988)Full Citation

282.

Victoria.1998.‘Requirement to Keep Register of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2640)Full Citation

283.

Queensland.1990.‘Licensed Dealers and Armourers to Keep Register.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2693)Full Citation

284.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Records and Returns to be Kept by Dealers.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2772)Full Citation

285.

South Australia.1977.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2893)Full Citation

286.

Western Australia.1973.‘Records.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2756)Full Citation

287.

Australia.2012.‘Record-keeping by Manufacturers.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,23 March. (Q6496)Full Citation

288.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1739)Full Citation

289.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1738)Full Citation

290.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Unlawful Acquisition of Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2569)Full Citation

291.

New South Wales.1996.‘Restrictions on Supply of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2546)Full Citation

292.

Tasmania.1996.‘Sale and Possession of Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2990)Full Citation

293.

Victoria.1998.‘Prohibition on Acquisition of Firearm Except from Licensed Firearms Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2663)Full Citation

294.

Queensland.1990.‘Acquisition of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2680)Full Citation

295.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Sale of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2781)Full Citation

296.

South Australia.1977.‘Obligations of Prescribed Person.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2890)Full Citation

297.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Firearms Dealers to be Licensed.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2567)Full Citation

298.

New South Wales.1996.‘Licence Categories and Authority Conferred by Licence - Firearms Dealer Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2485)Full Citation

299.

Tasmania.1996.‘Dealing in Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2945)Full Citation

300.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2638)Full Citation

301.

Queensland.1990.‘Dealers to be Licensed.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2692)Full Citation

302.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Restrictions on Granting Firearms Dealer Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2809)Full Citation

303.

South Australia.1977.‘Requirement for Dealer's Licence.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2891)Full Citation

304.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licences.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2752)Full Citation

305.

New South Wales.1996.‘Permits to Acquire Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2498)Full Citation

306.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Permit to Acquire.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2661)Full Citation

307.

Queensland.1996.‘Firearms Licence - Category C Rifle and Category C Shotgun for Occupational Rural Purpose on Rural Land.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2717)Full Citation

308.

Mouzos, Jenny.1999.‘International Traffic in Small Arms: An Australian Perspective.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 February. (Q13194)Full Citation

309.

Mouzos, Jenny.1998.‘Small Arms Dealers.’ CSCAP Working Group on Transnational Crime Small Arms Project: An Australian Perspective.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 October. (Q13195)Full Citation

310.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘When Permits to Acquire May be Issued.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2561)Full Citation

311.

Tasmania.1996.‘Granting Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2972)Full Citation

312.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence to Acquire a Firearm Without a Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2660)Full Citation

313.

Queensland.1996.‘Waiting Period for Decision on Application for Permit to Acquire.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2739)Full Citation

314.

South Australia.1977.‘Application for Permit.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2888)Full Citation

315.

Western Australia.1973.‘Licensing Procedure.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2753)Full Citation

316.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Arms Fairs, Permits to Conduct.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2636)Full Citation

317.

New South Wales.2006.‘Arms Fair Permits.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2596)Full Citation

318.

Queensland.1990.‘Approval of Arms Fair.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2696)Full Citation

319.

South Australia.2008.‘Exemption for Certain Exhibitors.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2907)Full Citation

320.

Australia.1996.‘Uniform Standard for the Security and Storage of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q988)Full Citation

321.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Failing to Comply with Storage Requirements.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2564)Full Citation

322.

New South Wales.1996.‘Safe Keeping of Firearms - General Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2501)Full Citation

323.

Tasmania.1996.‘General Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2977)Full Citation

324.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Longarm and Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2644)Full Citation

325.

Queensland.1990.‘Secure Storage of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2689)Full Citation

326.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Storage and Safe Keeping Requirements.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2780)Full Citation

327.

South Australia.2008.‘Security of Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2921)Full Citation

328.

Western Australia.1974.‘Storage Security Requirements.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q2831)Full Citation

329.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Dealer Licences, Restrictions on Issue.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q2629)Full Citation

330.

New South Wales.1996.‘Conditions of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2494)Full Citation

331.

Tasmania.1996.‘Firearms Dealer and Museum Licences Requirement.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2987)Full Citation

332.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2645)Full Citation

333.

Queensland.1996.‘Storage Measures for Armourers, Dealers, and Theatrical Ordnance Suppliers - Vaults and Safes.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2731)Full Citation

334.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Security Measures Required by Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2771)Full Citation

335.

South Australia.2008.‘Possession of Firearms by Dealers.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2923)Full Citation

336.

Western Australia.1973.‘Safe Keeping by Traders.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2757)Full Citation

337.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Transport of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2570)Full Citation

338.

New South Wales.2006.‘Non-commercial Transportation of Prohibited Firearms and Pistols - Prescribed Safety Requirements.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q2602)Full Citation

339.

Tasmania.2006.‘Safety Requirements for Conveying Other Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q3004)Full Citation

340.

Queensland.1996.‘Firearms to be Kept Unloaded Other Than When Being Used to Shoot.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q2735)Full Citation

341.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Transporting Firearms.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2821)Full Citation

342.

South Australia.2008.‘Transporting of Firearms - Exclusion from Section 35A of Act.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q2927)Full Citation

343.

Dawson, Chris.2014.‘Firearms Tracing.’ Australian Crime Commission, Submission No. 75 to Senate Committee: Inquiry into the Ability of Australian Law Enforcement Authorities to Eliminate Gun-Related Violence in the Community.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,22 August. (Q11590)Full Citation

344.

Bricknell, Samantha.2012.‘Analysis of the Australian Crime Commission's National Firearm Trace Database.’ Firearm Trafficking and Serious and Organised Crime Gangs.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q8897)Full Citation

345.

Australia.2016.‘Tracing.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12058)Full Citation

346.

Australia.2016.‘Australian Firearms Information Network.’ CrimTrac Annual Report 2015–2016.Canberra:CrimTrac,27 September. (Q13158)Full Citation

347.

Australia.2016.‘Analysis of Firearms Trace Data.’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13162)Full Citation

348.

Australia.2016.‘The Australian Ballistics Information Network (ABIN).’ Illicit Firearms in Australia.Canberra:Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission,21 October. (Q13171)Full Citation

349.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Firearms Act 1996.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q4043)Full Citation

350.

Australian Capital Territory.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulation 2008 (SL2008-55, Republication No 13, effective 1 December 2015).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,22 December. (Q4044)Full Citation

351.

New South Wales.1996.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Name, Commencement, Principles and Objects of Act.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q4045)Full Citation

352.

New South Wales.2006.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Name, Commencement and Definitions.’ Firearms Regulation 2006 (2006-512, as at 1 January 2014).Sydney:New South Wales Government,1 September. (Q4046)Full Citation

353.

Queensland.1990.‘Preliminary, Short Title, Application, Principles and Object of Act.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q4049)Full Citation

354.

Queensland.1996.‘Preliminary.’ Weapons Regulation 1996 (As in force on 1 July 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 December. (Q4050)Full Citation

355.

Queensland.1997.‘Short Title.’ Weapons Categories Regulation 1997 (As in force 19 December 2014).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,14 November. (Q4051)Full Citation

356.

Victoria.1998.‘Purpose.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q4047)Full Citation

357.

Victoria.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q4048)Full Citation

358.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Arrangement of Sections, Preliminary, Short Title, Commencement and Interpretation.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q4059)Full Citation

359.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q4060)Full Citation

360.

Western Australia.1973.‘Short Title, Commencement, Terms Used and Administration.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q4063)Full Citation

361.

Western Australia.1974.‘Arrangement of Sections, Citation and Terms Used.’ Firearms Regulations 1974 (Version 07-d0-01, as at 22 July 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,1 July. (Q4064)Full Citation

362.

South Australia.1977.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q4052)Full Citation

363.

South Australia.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (Version: 1.7.2015).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,1 September. (Q4053)Full Citation

364.

Tasmania.1996.‘Firearms Act.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q4061)Full Citation

365.

Tasmania.2006.‘Short Title, Commencement, Interpretation.’ Firearms Regulations 2006 (Regulations as of 4 November 2015).Hobart:Governor of the State of Tasmania,16 October. (Q4062)Full Citation

366.

Australia.2008.‘Small Arms and Light Weapons UN Report.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1736)Full Citation

367.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Carriage or Use of Firearm - Improper Manner.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2666)Full Citation

368.

Queensland.1990.‘Particular Conduct Involving a Weapon in a Public Place Prohibited.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2688)Full Citation

369.

Victoria.1998.‘Offences About the Carriage and the Use of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2646)Full Citation

370.

Tasmania.1996.‘Possession of Loaded Firearm in Public Place.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2992)Full Citation

371.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Carrying Firearms in Public Places.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2786)Full Citation

372.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

373.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Offence - Unauthorised Possession or Use of Prohibited Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2516)Full Citation

374.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence for Non-Prohibited Person to Possess, Carry or Use a Longarm Without a Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2609)Full Citation

375.

Queensland.1990.‘Possession of Weapons.’ Weapons Act 1990 (As in force on 20 November 2015).Brisbane:Office of the Queensland Parliamentary Counsel,19 September. (Q2686)Full Citation

376.

Davies, Megan and Jenny Mouzos.2008.‘Court Outcomes for Firearm Offences in Australia.’ AIC Reports: Technical and Background Paper 31.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,3 December. (Q1983)Full Citation

377.

Alpers, Philip.2013.‘The Big Melt: How One Democracy Changed after Scrapping a Third of Its Firearms - Destruction of Firearms.’ Reducing Gun Violence in America: Informing Policy with Evidence and Analysis.Baltimore:Johns Hopkins University Press,25 January. (Q6568)Full Citation

378.

Bricknell, Samantha.2012.‘Restricted Firearms.’ Firearm Trafficking and Serious and Organised Crime Gangs.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q8900)Full Citation

379.

Australia.2016.‘Collection.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12064)Full Citation

380.

Australia.2014.‘Collection.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q11755)Full Citation

381.

Australia.2012.‘Collection.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,23 March. (Q11754)Full Citation

382.

Australia.2012.‘Confiscation and Seizure.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11756)Full Citation

383.

Bricknell, Samantha.2012.‘General Firearm Characteristics.’ Firearm Trafficking and Serious and Organised Crime Gangs.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q11767)Full Citation

384.

Bricknell, Samantha.2012.‘Firearm type seized from SOCG and non-SOCG.’ Firearm Trafficking and Serious and Organised Crime Gangs.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q11766)Full Citation

385.

Thomas Chamberlin. 2012. ‘Illegal Firearms a Booming Trade Through International Mail Order Services.’ Courier-Mail (Brisbane). 27 May. (N526) Full Citation

386.

Ellison, Senator Chris; Hudson, Phillip.2004.‘Victoria Leads Way in Gun Buyback.’ The Age.Melbourne, VIC:8 August. (Q11740)Full Citation

387.

Nick Butterly. 2004. ‘Gun Owners Cache In Big.’ Courier-Mail (Brisbane). 9 November. (N534) Full Citation

388.

Alpers, Philip and Amélie Rossetti.2016.‘Australian Firearm Amnesty, Buyback and Destruction Totals.’ Official tallies and media-reported numbers, 1987-2015.Sydney:GunPolicy.org, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney,3 May. (Q11781)Full Citation

389.

Reuter, Peter and Jenny Mouzos, in: Cook, Philip and Jens Ludwig (Eds).2002.‘Australia: A Massive Buyback of Low-Risk Guns.’ In: Evaluating Gun Policy: Effects on Crime and Violence.Washington, DC:Brookings Institution Press,1 December. (Q3050)Full Citation

390.

Australia.2016.‘Destruction.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,27 April. (Q12063)Full Citation

391.

Australia.2008.‘Destruction of Surplus Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1719)Full Citation

392.

Australian Capital Territory.1996.‘Disposal of Surrendered or Seized Firearms.’ Australian Capital Territory Firearms Act 1996 (A1996-74 - Republication No.45, effective 27 April 2016).Canberra:ACT Parliamentary Counsel,1 January. (Q2572)Full Citation

393.

New South Wales.1996.‘Disposal of Surrendered or Seized Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No 46 (Act Current to 24 November 2015).Sydney:New South Wales Government,28 June. (Q2508)Full Citation

394.

Tasmania.1996.‘Disposal of Surrendered or Seized Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 (Act as at 4 November 2015).Hobart:Legislative Council and House of Assembly,30 August. (Q2995)Full Citation

395.

Victoria.1998.‘Disposal of Forfeited Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 080, as of 1 December 2015).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2647)Full Citation

396.

Northern Territory.1997.‘Storage of Certain Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1997 (Reprint, as in force at 1 May 2016).Darwin:Northern Territory Government,13 March. (Q2825)Full Citation

397.

South Australia.1977.‘Disposal of Forfeited or Surrendered Firearms, etc..’ Firearms Act 1977 (Version: 7.2.2014).Adelaide:Parliament of South Australia,12 May. (Q2901)Full Citation

398.

Western Australia.1973.‘Disposal of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1973 (Version 05-00-00, reprinted under the Reprints Act 1984 as at 13 February 2015).Perth:State Law Publisher,18 October. (Q2829)Full Citation

399.

SPCPC/OCO.2000.‘Towards a Common Approach to Weapons Control: The 'Nadi Framework'.’ South Pacific Chiefs of Police Conference (SPCPC) and Oceania Customs Organisation (OCO).Nadi, Fiji:Pacific Islands Forum (PIF) Secretariat,10 March. (Q576)Full Citation

400.

Baker, Jean.2000.‘Weapons Control Bill: Explanatory Notes.’ Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat.Suva, Fiji:Pacific Islands Forum Secretariat,10 March. (Q577)Full Citation

401.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

402.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

403.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

404.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

405.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

406.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

407.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

408.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

409.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

410.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

411.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation