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West Virginia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

ChartIn West Virginia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 58.0%1
2002: 57.9%2
2001: 55.4%3

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In West Virginia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004: 54.64%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms by Decade

ChartIn West Virginia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is estimated to be

2001/2010: 70.0%5 6
1991/2000: 73.6%
1981/1990: 75.7%

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn West Virginia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2867
2013: 280
2012: 278
2011: 278
2010: 273
2009: 251
2008: 239
2007: 267
2006: 253
2005: 261
2004: 253
2003: 265
2002: 271
2001: 251
2000: 242
1999: 250

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 15.46 7
2013: 15.11
2012: 14.98
2011: 14.99
2010: 14.73
2009: 13.58
2008: 12.99
2007: 14.56
2006: 13.84
2005: 14.34
2004: 13.93
2003: 14.62
2002: 15.01
2001: 13.93
2000: 13.38
1999: 13.80

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn West Virginia, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 747
2012: 103
2011: 101
2010: 86
2009: 92
2008: 70
2007: 86
2006: 97
2005: 93
2004: 79
2003: 89
2002: 95
2001: 68
2000: 80
1999: 99

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.997
2012: 5.55
2011: 5.44
2010: 4.64
2009: 4.98
2008: 3.80
2007: 4.69
2006: 5.31
2005: 5.11
2004: 4.35
2003: 4.91
2002: 5.26
2001: 3.77
2000: 4.42
1999: 5.46

Gun Homicides

ChartIn West Virginia, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 437
2012: 66
2011: 61
2010: 47
2009: 57
2008: 37
2007: 46
2006: 57
2005: 57
2004: 52
2003: 60
2002: 66
2001: 38
2000: 56
1999: 62

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.327
2012: 3.55
2011: 3.29
2010: 2.54
2009: 3.08
2008: 2.51
2006: 3.12
2005: 3.13
2004: 2.86
2003: 3.31
2002: 3.66
2001: 2.11
2000: 3.10
1999: 3.42

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures8 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 179 10
2012: 26
2011: 23
2010: 16
2009: 20
2008: 14
2007: 18
2006: 24
2005: 18
2004: 15
2003: 22
2002: 19
2001: 13
2000: 13
1999: 33
1998: 34
1997: 31
1996: 27
1995: 48

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures11 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.9212
2012: 1.40
2011: 1.24
2010: 0.86
2009: 1.08
2008: 0.76
2007: 0.98
2006: 1.31
2005: 0.99
2004: 0.83
2003: 1.21
2002: 1.05
2001: 0.72
2000: 0.72
1999: 1.82
1998: 1.87
1997: 1.70
1996: 1.48
1995: 2.63

Handgun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures8 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 1013 10
2012: 13
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures11 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13 10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures14 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 69 10
2012: 7
2011: 13
2010: 4
2009: 5
2008: 12
2007: 8
2006: 5
2005: 6
2004: 7
2003: 7
2002: 7
2001: 4
2000: 5
1999: 8
1998: 17
1997: 25
1996: 16
1995: 15

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures15 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3212
2012: 0.38
2011: 0.70
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.65
2007: 0.44
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.33
2004: 0.39
2003: 0.39
2002: 0.39
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.28
1999: 0.44
1998: 0.94
1997: 1.37
1996: 0.88
1995: 0.82

Long Gun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures14 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 1113 10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 15
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 11
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures15 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13 10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures16 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 79 10
2012: 14
2011: 7
2010: 7
2009: 13
2008: 7
2007: 11
2006: 11
2005: 16
2004: 9
2003: 5
2002: 8
2001: 2
2000: 5
1999: 3
1998: 4
1997: 1
1996: 2
1995: 2

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures17 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3812
2012: 0.75
2011: 0.38
2010: 0.38
2009: 0.70
2008: 0.38
2007: 0.60
2006: 0.60
2005: 0.88
2004: 0.50
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.44
2001: 0.11
2000: 0.28
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.11

Gun Homicides (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures16 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 2213 10
2012: 50
2011: 45
2010: 38
2009: 43
2008: 27
2007: 41
2006: 46
2005: 39
2004: 41
2003: 46
2002: 54
2001: 30
2000: 43
1999: 46

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn West Virginia, according to figures17 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.1913 10
2012: 2.69
2011: 2.43
2010: 2.05
2009: 2.33
2008: 1.47
2007: 2.24
2006: 2.52
2005: 2.14
2004: 2.26
2003: 2.54
2002: 2.99
2001: 1.67
2000: 2.38
1999: 2.54

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn West Virginia, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 3237
2012: 326
2011: 306
2010: 279
2009: 253
2008: 261
2007: 300
2006: 269
2005: 255
2004: 285
2003: 266
2002: 276
2001: 286
2000: 245
1999: 229

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 17.427
2012: 17.56
2011: 16.49
2010: 15.06
2009: 13.69
2008: 14.18
2007: 16.36
2006: 14.72
2005: 14.01
2004: 15.69
2003: 14.68
2002: 15.29
2001: 15.88
2000: 13.55
1999: 12.64

Gun Suicides

ChartIn West Virginia, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 2257
2012: 198
2011: 200
2010: 210
2009: 178
2008: 172
2007: 205
2006: 179
2005: 188
2004: 192
2003: 191
2002: 188
2001: 195
2000: 173
1999: 169

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 12.137
2012: 10.66
2011: 10.78
2010: 11.33
2009: 9.63
2008: 9.35
2007: 11.18
2006: 9.79
2005: 10.33
2004: 10.57
2003: 10.54
2002: 10.41
2001: 10.82
2000: 9.57
1999: 9.33

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn West Virginia, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 10013
2012: 77
2011: 85
2010: 106
2009: 64
2008: 51
2007: 55
2006: 37
2005: 48
2004: 33
2003: 17
2002: 23
2001: 29
2000: 15
1999: 18

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 5.3913
2012: 4.15
2011: 4.58
2010: 5.72
2009: 3.46
2008: 2.77
2007: 3.00
2006: 2.02
2005: 2.64
2004: 1.82
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 1.27
2001: 1.61
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn West Virginia, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 4313
2012: 46
2011: 44
2010: 39
2009: 42
2008: 33
2007: 46
2006: 42
2005: 32
2004: 37
2003: 36
2002: 35
2001: 30
2000: 27
1999: 23

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.3213
2012: 2.48
2011: 2.37
2010: 2.10
2009: 2.27
2008: 1.79
2007: 2.51
2006: 2.30
2005: 1.76
2004: 2.04
2003: 1.99
2002: 1.94
2001: 1.67
2000: 1.49
1999: 1.27

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn West Virginia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 8213
2012: 75
2011: 71
2010: 65
2009: 72
2008: 88
2007: 104
2006: 100
2005: 108
2004: 122
2003: 138
2002: 130
2001: 136
2000: 131
1999: 128

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 4.4213
2012: 4.04
2011: 3.83
2010: 3.51
2009: 3.90
2008: 4.78
2007: 5.67
2006: 5.47
2005: 5.93
2004: 6.72
2003: 7.61
2002: 7.20
2001: 7.55
2000: 7.24
1999: 7.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn West Virginia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 0 (suppressed)7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 10
2009: 16
2008: 26
2007: 13
2006: 13
2005: 13
2004: 5
2003: 10
2002: 12
2001: 12
2000: 6
1999: 11

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)7
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.54
2009: 0.87
2008: 1.41
2007: 0.71
2006: 0.71
2005: 0.71
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.55
2002: 0.67
2001: 0.67
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.61

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn West Virginia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn West Virginia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn West Virginia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 21
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 12
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 1.14
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn West Virginia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 3
2002: 4
2001: 3
2000: 4
1999: 7

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)7
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.17
2002: 0.22
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.39

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn West Virginia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn West Virginia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn West Virginia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn West Virginia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn West Virginia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 018
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 019
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 0
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 020
2000: 6
1999: 0
1998: 1
1997: 1
1996: 1
1995: 2

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Origin of Crime Guns

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rate)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, interstate gun traffickers had sourced their weapons from West Virginia at a rate of 46.821 per 100,000 inhabitants

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rank)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, West Virginia ranked at No. 221 out of 51 US jurisdictions as a source of weapons for interstate gun trafficking

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in West Virginia is categorised as permissive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in West Virginia includes the West Virginia Code and the Constitution of West Virginia 197223

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in West Virginia are regulated by the State of West Virginia24 25 26

Right to Possess Firearms

In West Virginia, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,27 as limited by federal law28 and state law29 25 26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In West Virginia, civilians are not allowed to possess machine guns, unless manufactured prior to 19 May 1986,30 but civilians are allowed to possess assault weapons,31 .50 calibre rifles32 and large capacity ammunition magazines33 25 26

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In West Virginia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted subject to federal licensing and registration30 34 25 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In West Virginia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted without a licence31 25 26

Regulation of Handguns

In West Virginia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted without a licence35 36 25 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In West Virginia, non-prohibited persons of minimum age36 35 25 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in West Virginia is 18 years37 25 26

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in West Virginia stipulates38 25 26 that firearm possession should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In West Virginia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required for a permit to carry a hidden handgun39 25 26

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In West Virginia, the law does not require40 25 26 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In West Virginia, licensed firearm dealers are not required41 25 26 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In West Virginia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted42 25 26

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In West Virginia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is not unlawful43 25 26

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in West Virginia is not obliged44 42 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in West Virginia is not obliged (under State Law)44 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In West Virginia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is not limited45 25 26

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in West Virginia is reported to be

2015: 1,49746
2014: 1,51847
2013: 1,46948
2012: 1,42049
2011: 1,33750

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In West Virginia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined51 25 26

Regulation of Gun Shows

In West Virginia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated52 25 26 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in West Virginia do not include53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private guns and ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in West Virginia include54 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in West Virginia include55 53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In West Virginia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law56 57 58 59 25 26

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In West Virginia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not60 25 26 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In West Virginia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit for handguns or long guns61 25 26

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In West Virginia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit39 25 26

Hidden Handgun Permit May, or Shall Be Issued

In West Virginia, local licensing authorities "shall issue", without room for discretion,39 62 25 26 a hidden handgun carry permit to any non-prohibited person who applies

Reciprocity for Hidden Handgun Permit Holders

In West Virginia, gun owners with a permit to carry hidden handguns issued in another jurisdiction are granted (by mutual agreement)39 25 26 reciprocal rights

Exempting Hidden Handgun Permit Holders from Background Checks

In West Virginia, gun owners with a valid permit to carry a hidden handgun are not exempt39 25 26 from background checks when buying from a licensed gun dealer

Gun Free Zones

In West Virginia, private guns are prohibited in courthouses, State Capitol building, any prohibited place,63 vehicles (loaded firearms)55 and schools64 25 26

Grading US State Gun Laws

Gun Law Ranking – LCPGV

In their 'A-F' State Scorecard of US gun laws, the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranked West Virginia as ‘D-’65

Gun Law Ranking – Brady Campaign

ChartIn its annual State Scorecard, the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence scored firearm legislation in West Virginia on a scale of 0 points (weak) to 100 points (strong)

2011: 466
2010: 467
2009: 468
2008: 469
2007: 670

Gun Law Ranking – Open Society Institute

In its Comparative Survey of State Firearm Laws, the Open Society Institute ranked West Virginia at No. 3571 among 50 US States


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40.

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41.

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